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Industrial Consumption of Energy (ICE) Survey – Summary Report of Energy Use in the Canadian Manufacturing Sector, 1995–2009

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A Glossary

Capacity utilization rate, industrial: The ratio of an industry’s actual output to its estimated potential output. The measures of actual output used in the production of the rates of capacity use are the measures of real gross domestic product at factor cost, seasonally adjusted, by industry.

Energy intensity: The amount of energy used per unit of activity. Examples of activity measures are households and floor space (Residential sector), passenger-kilometres and tonne-kilometres (Transportation sector) and physical units of production and constant dollar value of gross domestic product (Industrial sector).

Energy source: Any substance that supplies heat or power (e.g. coal, coal coke, coke oven gas, coke from catalytic cracking catalyst, electricity, heavy fuel oil, middle distillates, natural gas, petroleum coke, propane, refinery fuel gas, spent pulping liquor, steam and wood).

Establishment: As a statistical unit, is defined as the most homogeneous unit of production for which the business maintains accounting records from which it is possible to assemble all the data elements required to compile the full structure of the gross value of production (total sales or shipments, and inventories), the cost of materials and services, and labour and capital used in production. Provided that the necessary accounts are available, the statistical structure replicates the operating structure of the business. In delineating the establishment, however, producing units may be grouped. An establishment comprises at least one location, but it can also be composed of many. Establishments may also be referred to as profit centres.

Gross domestic product (GDP): The total value of goods and services produced within the border of a geographic area (Canada) during a given year. Also referred to as annual economic output or, more simply, output. To avoid counting the same output more than once, GDP includes only final goods and services – not those that are used to make another product. In this report, GDP figures are reported in constant 2002 dollars.

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS): An industry classification system developed by the statistical agencies of Canada, Mexico and the United States. Created against the background of the North American Free Trade Agreement, it provides common definitions of the industrial structure of the three countries and a common statistical framework to facilitate the analysis of the three economies. NAICS is based on supply-side or production-oriented principles, to ensure that industrial data, classified to NAICS, are suitable for the analysis of production-related issues, such as industrial performance.

Petajoule: One petajoule equals 1 × 1015 joules. A joule is the international unit of a measure of energy - the energy produced by the power of 1 watt flowing for 1 second. There are 3.6 million joules in 1 kilowatt hour.

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