9.1 - HOT WATER
  Number of households by region
Canada Atlantic Quebec Ontario
Households with a pool (multi-residential buildings exclusive)
Yes 1,254,220 A 55,818 M 601,763 A 515,406 A
No 8,319,609 A 730,150 A 1,518,503 A 3,184,349 A
Valid skip1 4,128,662 A 180,934 A 1,275,992 A 1,405,021 A
Don't know - U         - U
Not stated 460,178 A 30,424 M 165,028 M 167,129 M
Households with a hot tub (multi residential buildings exclusive)
Yes 883,088 A 25,668 M 186,173 A 307,499 A
No 8,690,740 A 760,300 A 1,934,092 A 3,392,255 A
Valid skip1 4,128,662 A 180,934 A 1,275,992 A 1,405,021 A
Don’t know - U         - U
Not stated 460,178 A 30,424 M 165,028 M 167,129 M
Households with a sauna (multi-residential buildings exclusive)
Yes 193,575 A - U - U 84,157 M
No 9,380,253 A 778,046 A 2,099,557 A 3,615,598 A
Valid skip1 4,128,662 A 180,934 A 1,275,992 A 1,405,021 A
Don’t know - U         - U
Not stated 460,178 A 30,424 M 165,028 M 167,129 M
Number of showers taken per week per dwelling
None 334,609 A 33,434 M 68,780 M 144,870 M
One to ten 6,735,177 A 422,545 A 1,815,612 A 2,363,120 A
Eleven to twenty 3,839,107 A 248,609 A 956,705 A 1,460,635 A
Twenty one to thirty 1,455,061 A 83,365 A 350,715 A 621,525 A
Thirty one to fourty 179,171 A - U 41,665 M 69,350 M
Fourty one to fifty - U - U - U - U
Fifty plus - U - U - U - U
Refusal - U         - U
Not stated 1,579,394 A 195,006 A 318,562 A 598,340 A
Number of baths taken per week per dwelling
None 1,235,173 A 70,722 A 229,969 A 615,223 A
One to ten 5,374,475 A 324,313 A 1,602,516 A 1,737,460 A
Eleven to twenty 258,513 A - U 99,795 A 33,253 M
Twenty one to thirty - U - U - U - U
Thirty plus - U     - U - U
Refusal                
Not stated 7,240,253 A 585,061 A 1,616,298 A 2,855,427 A
Households with a hot water heater
Yes 12,223,831 A 882,227 A 3,113,550 A 4,554,047 A
No 1,079,292 A 81,271 A 112,560 M 512,849 A
Don't know 870,685 A 33,827 M 335,175 A 213,500 A
The hot water heater is located in the dwelling
Yes 12,223,831 A 882,227 A 3,113,550 A 4,554,047 A
Valid skip2 1,079,292 A 81,271 A 112,560 M 512,849 A
Not stated 870,685 A 33,827 M 335,175 A 213,500 A
Type of hot water heater
Standard hot water heater (tank) 10,152,520 A 723,656 A 2,655,780 A 3,744,125 A
Tankless (instantaneous water heater) 313,104 A - U - U 182,018 M
Combination system (heats water and does space heating) 220,563 A 72,095 A - U 39,336 M
Heat pump water heater 32,386 M - U     - U
Solar water heater - U - U        
Other 64,423 M - U     32,765 M
Valid skip2 1,079,292 A 81,271 A 112,560 M 512,849 A
Don't know 581,384 A - U 178,358 M 215,666 M
Not stated 1,728,981 A 78,147 A 590,640 A 537,196 A
Energy source of the hot water heater
Electricity 5,039,702 A 670,691 A 2,602,722 A 858,942 A
Oil 196,851 A 122,852 A - U 26,589 M
Natural gas 5,608,267 A - U 148,588 M 3,117,895 A
Propane 70,316 M - U - U 44,397 M
Other source - U - U - U - U
Valid skip2 1,079,292 A 81,271 A 112,560 M 512,849 A
Don't know 376,746 A - U - U 161,941 M
Not stated 1,790,483 A 82,590 A 598,336 A 556,253 A
Age of the hot water heater
5 years or less 1,364,927 A 116,164 A 275,892 A 622,829 A
6 to 10 years 1,551,325 A 110,520 A 326,433 A 602,435 A
11 to 15 years 559,467 A 43,790 M 86,068 M 252,519 A
16 to 20 years 177,110 A 17,158 M - U 68,102 M
21 to 25 years - U - U - U - U
26 years or more 65,072 M - U - U - U
Valid skip2 1,079,292 A 81,271 A 112,560 M 512,849 A
Don't know 1,131,315 A 74,076 M 200,544 M 497,594 A
Not stated 8,155,140 A 540,602 A 2,526,623 A 2,638,914 A
Replaced the previous hot water tank with the current hot water heater
Yes 7,068,772 A 529,824 A 1,923,037 A 2,633,942 A
No 3,320,680 A 267,807 A 709,230 A 1,174,785 A
Valid skip2 1,079,292 A 81,271 A 112,560 M 512,849 A
Don't know 898,459 A 49,350 M 186,962 M 395,775 M
Not stated 1,806,605 A 69,073 M 629,496 A 563,045 A
Reason for replacing water heater
Planned/scheduled replacement 1,655,843 A 103,564 A 813,533 A 365,528 A
Emergency replacement 3,291,371 A 282,013 A 821,201 A 1,099,698 A
To obtain a more energy-efficient water heater 1,057,149 A 42,258 A 73,190 M 678,991 A
To change energy sources 132,148 A 14,715 M - U 73,670 A
Other 486,239 A 38,664 M 101,016 M 236,095 A
Valid skip2 4,399,971 A 349,079 A 821,790 A 1,687,633 A
Don't know 107,341 M - U - U 48,303 M
Not stated 3,043,744 A 158,059 A 906,311 A 1,090,477 A
Age of the previous hot water tank when replaced
5 years or less 108,824 M - U - U 44,617 M
6 to 10 years 788,186 A 72,665 A 155,539 A 247,843 A
11 to 15 years 1,052,626 A 58,101 M 309,552 A 405,686 A
16 to 20 years 483,697 A 37,050 M 68,448 M 267,565 A
21 to 25 years 145,855 A 9,415 M - U 66,235 M
26 years or more 87,095 A - U - U 35,969 M
Valid skip2 4,399,971 A 349,079 A 821,790 A 1,687,633 A
Don't know 1,534,121 A 104,311 A 282,686 A 734,481 A
Not stated 5,573,431 A 336,435 A 1,886,407 A 1,790,367 A

Footnotes:

1 Valid skips indicate households that do not own their dwelling except for households located within a multi-residential building.
2 Valid skips indicate households that either do not have a hot water tank or do not have a hot water tank on the premise.

Legend:

The letter beside each estimate classifies its quality as follows: A–Acceptable, M–Use with caution, U–Too unreliable to be published.

Source:

2015 Survey of Household Energy Use