Canada’s GHG Emissions by Sector, End Use and Subsector
Including Electricity-Related Emissions
  2000   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total GHG Emissions Including Electricity (Mt of CO2e)a,b,d,e,f 469.3   470.6 486.5 495.0 488.3 496.3 494.9 496.1 481.0
Residential (Mt of CO2e)a,b,e 77.1   73.4 71.9 72.4 66.4 68.9 69.1 67.2 60.7
Space Heating 48.7   46.9 44.2 45.9 41.3 44.0 45.6 43.1 38.6
Water Heating 13.9   13.4 13.4 13.7 13.1 12.9 12.7 12.6 11.6
Appliances 10.5   9.5 9.9 8.9 8.3 8.5 7.8 8.2 7.3
Major Appliances 7.8   6.0 6.1 5.4 4.9 5.0 4.5 4.7 4.1
Other Appliances1 2.7   3.5 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.1
Lighting 3.3   2.8 3.0 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.2 1.9
Space Cooling 0.8   0.8 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.3
Commercial/Institutional (Mt of CO2e)a,c,e 55.2   50.9 50.7 50.3 46.4 48.0 49.0 48.4 46.5
Space Heating 32.7   28.3 27.0 28.4 26.3 27.8 29.4 28.1 27.6
Water Heating 3.2   3.2 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Auxiliary Equipment 5.2   6.8 6.9 6.4 5.8 6.3 6.1 6.5 6.3
Auxiliary Motors 3.3   2.6 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.5
Lighting 8.0   7.5 7.7 6.9 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.2 5.4
Space Cooling 2.5   2.2 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.0 1.9 2.3 2.2
Street Lightingg 0.4   0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Industrial (Mt of CO2e)a,e,f 161.2   156.3 166.0 173.2 175.5 175.3 175.1 179.4 173.0
Mining , Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction 32.6   57.9 61.8 70.0 74.3 76.4 78.0 82.7 76.5
Pulp and Paper 25.2   12.4 11.9 10.8 9.8 10.3 9.8 10.0 9.4
Iron and Steel 19.2   13.6 15.6 16.5 16.6 14.7 15.8 14.9 15.4
Smelting and Refining 14.0   11.6 12.5 11.9 10.3 10.1 9.5 10.3 10.7
Cement 5.4   5.2 4.9 4.8 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.3
Chemicals 13.6   10.9 11.9 12.7 12.4 12.9 13.0 12.6 11.6
Petroleum Refining 19.0   18.3 19.4 18.7 19.7 18.6 18.7 18.5 18.6
Other Manufacturing 27.6   20.6 21.6 21.3 21.3 21.7 19.5 18.4 17.8
Forestry 1.2   1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.7
Construction 3.3   4.3 4.8 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.0 6.2 7.0
Total Transportation (Mt of CO2e)a,d,e 160.1   176.3 181.9 181.6 183.0 186.3 183.0 182.1 181.7
Passenger Transportation (Mt of CO2e)a,d,e 89.4   90.4 91.7 91.0 92.2 94.2 91.6 93.7 96.1
Cars 43.9   41.1 40.6 39.2 38.2 37.9 35.9 36.0 35.7
Light Trucks 25.6   29.9 30.9 31.2 31.7 33.0 33.0 34.6 37.2
Motorcycles 0.2   0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Buses 3.5   3.9 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.6
Air 16.0   15.0 15.5 15.7 17.9 18.6 18.2 18.6 19.1
Rail 0.2   0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Freight Transportation (Mt of CO2e)a,d,e 64.8   78.6 82.8 83.0 83.1 84.3 83.5 80.3 77.3
Light Trucks 10.2   11.8 12.1 12.2 12.4 13.0 13.0 13.5 14.5
Medium Trucks 10.8   19.3 21.7 21.2 21.0 22.0 21.4 20.5 20.0
Heavy Trucks 29.0   32.1 33.2 34.9 34.9 35.3 35.5 33.5 31.4
Air 0.6   0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Rail 6.4   6.4 6.3 7.2 7.4 7.1 7.3 6.9 6.4
Marine 7.9   8.7 9.0 7.2 6.9 6.5 5.9 5.4 4.7
Off-Road (Mt of CO2e)d,e 5.9   7.4 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.1 8.3
Agriculture (Mt of CO2e)a,e 15.6   13.6 16.1 17.5 17.0 17.8 18.6 19.0 19.1

Footnotes:

1) “Other Appliances” includes small appliances such as televisions, video cassette recorders, digital video disc players, radios, computers and toasters.

Sources:

a) Statistics Canada, Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada, 2000-2018, Ottawa, 2020.
b) Natural Resources Canada, Residential End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2020.
c) Natural Resources Canada, Commercial/Institutional End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2020.
d) Natural Resources Canada, Transportation End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2020.
e) Environment and Climate Change Canada, National Inventory Report 2000-2018: Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada, Ottawa, 2020.
f) The Canadian Energy and Emissions Data Centre, Simon Fraser University, 2020.
g) Statistics Canada, Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 2000–2007 (Cat. No. 57-202-X). Data for reference year 2008 onward were provided on request.