Canada’s Secondary Energy Use (Final Demand) by Sector, End Use and Subsector
  1990   2016 2017
Total Energy Use (PJ)a,b,e 6,957.2   8,884.6 9,089.5
Residential (PJ)a,b 1,424.6   1,464.2 1,507.7
Space Heating 957.5   889.0 928.9
Water Heating 230.8   282.4 291.5
Appliances 176.8   202.3 205.6
Major Appliances 148.5   113.5 114.1
Other Appliances1 28.3   88.8 91.5
Lighting 49.5   53.5 53.6
Space Cooling 10.0   36.9 28.1
Commercial/Institutional (PJ)a,c 745.6   1,002.6 1,030.2
Space Heating 463.6   561.1 582.7
Water Heating 42.9   58.7 58.4
Auxiliary Equipment 49.8   146.2 153.2
Auxiliary Motors 48.7   39.0 39.2
Lighting 101.5   133.9 138.9
Space Cooling 30.3   56.5 50.6
Street Lightingf 8.9   7.1 7.0
Industrial (PJ)a,e 2,710.0   3,478.4 3,607.4
Mining , Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction 345.9   1,230.4 1,318.5
Pulp and Paper 728.2   537.8 549.2
Iron and Steel 219.4   221.2 227.2
Smelting and Refining 183.3   264.3 271.7
Cement 59.3   57.7 63.1
Chemicals 223.2   267.1 255.0
Petroleum Refining 324.9   322.7 322.2
Other Manufacturing 551.1   447.3 464.2
Forestry 7.7   23.5 24.6
Construction 66.9   106.4 111.7
Total Transportation (PJ)a 1,877.9   2,638.8 2,642.7
Passenger Transportation (PJ)a,d 1,154.0   1,424.1 1,405.9
Cars 705.5   536.1 509.7
Light Trucks 215.5   550.9 558.4
Motorcycles 2.4   5.7 5.5
Buses 46.0   52.3 45.4
Air 180.9   277.1 284.9
Rail 3.8   2.0 2.0
Freight Transportation (PJ)a,d 670.5   1,096.9 1,117.1
Light Trucks 97.6   216.3 219.1
Medium Trucks 120.6   289.0 283.0
Heavy Trucks 253.6   439.4 451.4
Air 6.5   6.0 6.2
Rail 85.7   81.5 81.8
Marine 106.5   64.7 75.6
Off-Road (PJ)d 53.3   117.8 119.7
Agriculture (PJ)a 199.2   300.7 301.4

Footnotes:

1) “Other Appliances” includes small appliances such as televisions, video cassette recorders, digital video disc players, radios, computers and toasters.

Sources:

a) Statistics Canada, Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada, 1990–2017, Ottawa, 2019.
b) Natural Resources Canada, Residential End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2019.
c) Natural Resources Canada, Commercial/Institutional End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2019.
d) Natural Resources Canada, Transportation End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2019.
e) The Canadian Energy and Emissions Data Centre, Simon Fraser University, 2019.
f) Statistics Canada, Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 1990–2007 (Cat. No. 57-202-X). Data for reference year 2008 onward were provided on request.