Residential Sector
Quebec
Table 8: Space Heating Secondary Energy Use by System Type
  1990   2015 2016 2017
Total Space Heating Energy Use (PJ) 244.3   240.1 236.0 236.0

Energy Use by System Type (PJ)
Heating Oil – Normal Efficiency 45.6   0.0 0.0 0.0
Heating Oil – Medium Efficiency 0.0   10.4 11.4 8.2
Heating Oil – High Efficiency 0.0   0.0 0.0 0.0
Natural Gas – Normal Efficiency 17.6   0.0 0.0 0.0
Natural Gas – Medium Efficiency 0.6   2.8 2.5 2.3
Natural Gas – High Efficiency 1.1   11.8 11.7 11.9
Electric 65.2   110.9 104.9 109.4
Heat Pump 2.9   8.4 8.2 8.7
Other1 2.5   1.5 1.6 1.5
Wood 7.0   9.3 9.4 9.7

Dual Systems
Wood/Electric 82.2   68.6 69.1 69.9
Wood/Heating Oil 12.6   7.0 7.4 6.2
Natural Gas/Electric 0.3   2.5 2.5 2.4
Heating Oil/Electric 6.7   6.9 7.3 5.8

Shares (%)
Heating Oil – Normal Efficiency 18.7   0.0 0.0 0.0
Heating Oil – Medium Efficiency 0.0   4.3 4.8 3.5
Heating Oil – High Efficiency 0.0   0.0 0.0 0.0
Natural Gas – Normal Efficiency 7.2   0.0 0.0 0.0
Natural Gas – Medium Efficiency 0.2   1.2 1.1 1.0
Natural Gas – High Efficiency 0.5   4.9 5.0 5.0
Electric 26.7   46.2 44.5 46.4
Heat Pump 1.2   3.5 3.5 3.7
Other1 1.0   0.6 0.7 0.6
Wood 2.9   3.9 4.0 4.1

Dual Systems
Wood/Electric 33.7   28.6 29.3 29.6
Wood/Heating Oil 5.2   2.9 3.1 2.6
Natural Gas/Electric 0.1   1.1 1.0 1.0
Heating Oil/Electric 2.7   2.9 3.1 2.5

Activity
Total Floor Space (million m2) 276.9   448.0 454.3 466.8
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 0.88   0.54 0.52 0.51
Heat Gains (PJ) 24.4   29.8 28.3 29.4
Heating Degree-Day Index 0.92   0.96 0.92 0.96

Footnotes:

1) “Other” includes coal and propane.