2016 Model Year Advanced Technology Vehicles

Understanding the Tables

Fuel consumption of 2016 model year plug-in hybrid electric vehicles
*In testing, this vehicle did not use any gasoline for electric mode operation. However, depending on how you drive the vehicle, you may use gasoline during electric mode operation following a full charge.
 PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC
MAKE
MODEL
CLASS MOTOR (kW) ENGINE SIZE (L) CYLINDERS TRANSMISSION FUEL TYPE CONSUMPTION $ PER YEAR CO2 EMISSIONS
(g/km)
CO2 RATING RANGE (km) RECHARGE
TIME (h)
COMBINED Le/100 km
CITY/HIGHWAY/COMBINED L/100 km
AUDI
A3 e-tron C 80 1.4 4 A6 B/Z* 2.8 ([25.2 kWh + 0.0 L]/100 km) 1,158 98 10 26 2.5
Z 7.1 / 6.4 / 6.8 591 -
A3 e‑tron ultra C 80 1.4 4 A6 B/Z* 2.7 ([23.9 kWh + 0.0 L]/100 km) 1,036 85 10 27 2.5
Z 6.4 / 5.7 / 6.1 663 -
BMW
330e C 65 2.0 4 AS8 B/Z* 3.3 ([29.1 kWh + 0.0 L]/100 km) 1,313 113 10 23 2
Z 8.4 / 6.3 / 7.4 562 -
i3 REX S 125 0.6 2 A1 B 2.0 (17.9 kWh/100 km) 593 22 10 116 4
Z 5.7 / 6.3 / 6.0 119 -
i8 S 96 1.5 3 A6 B/Z 3.0 ([26.9 kWh + 0.2 L]/100 km) 1,405 123 9 24 2
Z 8.4 / 8.1 / 8.3 509 -
X5 xDRIVE40e UL 83 2.0 4 AS8 B/Z* 4.1 ([36.8 kWh + 0.0 L]/100 km) 1,741 153 8 23 3
Z 10.2 / 9.5 / 9.9 864 -
CADILLAC
ELR S 174 1.4 4 AV B 2.7 (24.4 kWh/100 km) 961 57 10 64 5
Z 7.6 / 7.1 / 7.4 480 -
ELR (Performance Pkg) S 174 1.4 4 AV B 2.9 (26.2 kWh/100 km) 1,022 65 10 58 5
Z 8.4 / 7.1 / 7.8 457 -
CHEVROLET
VOLT C 111 1.5 4 AV B 2.2 (19.9 kWh/100 km) 641 32 10 85 4.5
X 5.5 / 5.6 / 5.6 591 -
FORD
C-MAX ENERGI M 68 2.0 4 AV B/X 2.7 ([23.2 kWh + 0.1 L]/100 km) 905 80 10 32 2.5
X 5.8 / 6.5 / 6.1 856 -
FUSION ENERGI M 68 2.0 4 AV B/X 2.7 ([23.2 kWh + 0.1 L]/100 km) 905 80 10 32 2.5
X 5.8 / 6.5 / 6.1 856 -
HYUNDAI
SONATA PLUG-IN M 50 2.0 4 AM6 B/X* 2.4 ([21.1 kWh + 0.0 L]/100 km) 796 63 10 43 2.7
X 6.1 / 5.7 / 5.9 925 -
MERCEDES-BENZ
S 550e L 85 3.0 6 AS7 B/Z* 4.1 ([36.7 kWh + 0.0 L]/100 km) 1,610 141 9 23 2.75
Z 10.0 / 7.8 / 9.0 695 -
PORSCHE
CAYENNE S E-HYBRID UL 71 3.0 6 A8 B 5.0 (43.2 kWh/100 km) 1,879 162 8 24 3
Z 11.3 / 9.8 / 10.6 758 -
PANAMERA S E‑HYBRID L 71 3.0 6 A8 B/Z 4.6 ([31.7 kWh + 1.0 L]/100 km) 1,645 142 9 26 3
Z 10.4 / 8.0 / 9.3 871 -
VOLVO
XC90 T8 AWD UL 65 2.0 4 AS8 B/Z* 4.6 ([40.4 kWh + 0.0 L]/100 km) 1,720 150 8 21 3
Z 10.1 / 8.8 / 9.5 529 -


Fuel consumption of 2016 model year battery-electric vehicles
 BATTERY-ELECTRIC
MAKE
MODEL
CLASS MOTOR (kW) TRANSMISSION FUEL TYPE CONSUMPTION $ PER YEAR CO2 EMISSIONS
(g/km)
CO2 RATING RANGE (km) RECHARGE
TIME (h)
kWh/100 km Le/100 km
CITY HIGHWAY COMBINED CITY HIGHWAY COMBINED
BMW
i3 S 125 A1 B 15.2 18.8 16.8 1.7 2.1 1.9 437 0 10 130 4
CHEVROLET
SPARK EV S 104 A1 B 16.0 19.6 17.8 1.8 2.2 2.0 463 0 10 131 7
FORD
FOCUS ELECTRIC C 107 A1 B 19.0 21.1 20.0 2.1 2.4 2.2 520 0 10 122 4
KIA
SOUL EV WS 81 A1 B 17.5 22.7 19.9 2.0 2.6 2.2 517 0 10 149 4
MITSUBISHI
i-MiEV S 49 A1 B 16.9 21.4 18.7 1.9 2.4 2.1 486 0 10 100 7
NISSAN
LEAF (24 kWh battery) M 80 A1 B 16.5 20.8 18.4 1.9 2.3 2.1 478 0 10 135 5
LEAF (30 kWh battery) M 80 A1 B 17.0 20.7 18.6 1.9 2.3 2.1 484 0 10 172 6
SMART
FORTWO ELECTRIC DRIVE CABRIOLET T 35 A1 B 17.2 22.5 19.6 1.9 2.5 2.2 510 0 10 109 8
FORTWO ELECTRIC DRIVE COUPE T 35 A1 B 17.2 22.5 19.6 1.9 2.5 2.2 510 0 10 109 8
TESLA
MODEL S (60 kWh battery pre- 6/16) L 285 A1 B 22.2 21.7 21.9 2.5 2.4 2.5 569 0 10 335 10
MODEL S (60 kWh battery from 6/16) L 285 A1 B 21.5 20.7 21.1 2.4 2.3 2.4 549 0 10 338 10
MODEL S (70 kWh battery) L 285 A1 B 23.8 23.2 23.6 2.7 2.6 2.6 614 0 10 377 12
MODEL S (75 kWh battery) L 285 A1 B 21.5 21.0 21.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 554 0 10 401 12
MODEL S (85/90 kWh battery) L 285 A1 B 23.8 23.2 23.6 2.7 2.6 2.6 614 0 10 426 12
MODEL S 60D L 386 A1 B 20.6 19.6 20.2 2.3 2.2 2.3 525 0 10 351 10
MODEL S 70D L 386 A1 B 20.8 20.6 20.7 2.3 2.3 2.3 538 0 10 386 12
MODEL S 75D L 386 A1 B 20.6 19.9 20.3 2.3 2.2 2.3 528 0 10 417 12
MODEL S 85D/90D L 386 A1 B 22.0 19.8 21.0 2.5 2.2 2.4 546 0 10 435 12
MODEL S 90D (Refresh) L 386 A1 B 20.8 19.7 20.3 2.3 2.2 2.3 528 0 10 473 12
MODEL S P85D/P90D L 568 A1 B 23.4 21.5 22.5 2.6 2.4 2.5 585 0 10 407 12
MODEL S P90D (Refresh) L 568 A1 B 22.9 21.0 22.1 2.6 2.4 2.5 575 0 10 435 12
MODEL S P100D L 568 A1 B 22.6 20.0 21.5 2.5 2.3 2.4 559 0 10 507 12
MODEL X 60D UL 386 A1 B 23.0 22.2 22.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 588 0 10 322 10
MODEL X 75D UL 386 A1 B 23.0 21.9 22.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 585 0 10 383 12
MODEL X 90D UL 386 A1 B 23.2 22.2 22.7 2.6 2.5 2.6 590 0 10 414 12
MODEL X P90D UL 568 A1 B 23.6 23.3 23.5 2.7 2.6 2.6 611 0 10 402 12
MODEL X P100D UL 568 A1 B 25.7 22.9 24.4 2.9 2.6 2.7 634 0 10 465 12