Natural Resources Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Office of Energy Efficiency Links

 

Personal: Transportation

Natural Gas

What is natural gas?
Benefits
Applications
Availability and Cost
Safety and Performance
Natural Gas Deployment Roadmap
Links

Applications

Natural Gas Powered Cars

Several manufacturers offer vehicles that run on natural gas. Conventional gasoline vehicles can also be converted to natural gas. Either way, the premium paid can be offset by the lower price of natural gas compared with gasoline. There are about 20 000 natural gas vehicles (NGVs) in Canada.

Factory-built vehicles

There is a range of medium- and heavy-duty natural gas engine offerings available from manufacturers for refuse, transit and shuttle bus applications. The benefit of buying a natural gas vehicle straight from the manufacturer is that the fuel system, ignition control, emissions system, on-board diagnostic system and even parts of the engine will be optimized for natural gas use. This helps reduce emissions and improve fuel economy, driveability and horsepower.

New liquid natural gas (LNG) technologies are currently being developed for heavy-duty trucks.

After-market conversions

It costs about $6,000 to convert a vehicle to natural gas, depending on the number of storage cylinders in the vehicle. Your local natural gas company can provide information on different brands of equipment and on equipment providers and installers in your area. The cylinders for natural gas are added in the trunk or under the chassis of some vans and trucks, or in the back of vans or sport utility vehicles.

You may also be eligible for provincial/territorial government rebates and incentives that reduce the cost of buying or converting to a natural gas vehicle. For details, contact your local natural gas utility.