International Efficiency Marking Protocol for External Power Supplies
The ENERGY STAR® initiative in Canada does not support External Power Supply (EPS) or Adaptors. For ENERGY STAR qualified products that require use of an EPS, the EPS shall meet the level V performance requirements under the International Efficiency Marking Protocol and include the level V marking.
Please Note: The document below is excerpted from the EPA ENERGY STAR web site and provided in both official languages for the convenience of Canadian users interested in the International Efficiency Marking Protocol for External Power Supplies. See the original document
Please be advised that the ENERGY STAR programs for External Power Supplies (EPS) and End-Use Products Using EPS were sunsetted effective December 31, 2010. This means that Manufacturers must stop using the ENERGY STAR name and ENERGY STAR mark or EPS graphic in association with all products manufactured on or after December 31, 2010. Over the next period of time, it is anticipated that current ENERGY STAR product specifications with requirements for the use of an ENERGY STAR EPS (e.g., computers, displays, televisions) will be changed to require a Level V EPS as designated under the International Efficiency Marking Protocol, which is consistent with the sunsetted ENERGY STAR Version 2.0 EPS performance levels referenced in the document below. For applicable product categories, these changes will occur as part of the specification revision process associated with enhanced testing and verification requirements.
This fact sheet describes the international efficiency marking protocol and its implementation under the ENERGY STAR Version 2.0 External Power Supply specification. Sources for additional information are provided on page 3. This version, updated as of October 2008, replaces an earlier document released in 2005.
What is the international efficiency marking protocol?
The international efficiency marking protocol provides a system for power supply manufacturers to designate the minimum efficiency performance of an external power supply, so that finished product manufacturers and government representatives can easily determine a unit's efficiency. This mark does not serve as a consumer information label, but rather demonstrates the performance of the external power supply when tested to the internationally supported test method (this test method titled "Test Method for Calculating the Energy Efficiency of Single-Voltage External Ac-Dc and Ac-Ac Power Supplies (August 11, 2004)" can be found at www.energystar.gov/powersupplies).
What does the international efficiency mark look like?
The international efficiency mark consists of a Roman numeral (I – VI) that corresponds to specific minimum Active and No-Load efficiency levels (as well as a power factor requirement for level V) and is printed/applied by the manufacturer on the external power supply nameplate (or an equally visible location).
How is the international efficiency marking protocol being implemented?
The nameplate (or an equally visible location) of single voltage external ac-dc and ac-ac power supplies must be clearly and permanently marked with a Roman numeral from the sequence I (least efficient) to VI (most efficient) that corresponds to specific minimum Active and No-Load efficiency levels (as well as a power factor requirement for level V). The performance requirements for each Roman numeral are shown in the table below.
To determine the appropriate Roman numeral, manufacturers: 1) compare the unit's Active, No-Load, and power factor test data (when tested in accordance with the ENERGY STAR Test Method and at each relevant test voltage and frequency value) with the performance requirements at each level of the Roman numeral scale; and 2) choose the highest Roman numeral where the power supply meets the Active, No-Load, and power factor (where applicable) requirements.
|Nameplate Power Output (Pno)¹||No- Load Power²||Nameplate Power Output (Pno)||Average Active Efficiency³||Power Factor|
|I||Used if none of the other criteria are met|
|II||0 to ≤ 10 watts||≤ 0.75||0 to < 1 watt||≥ 0.39 × Pno||Not applicable|
|> 10 to 250 watts||≤ 1.0||1 to < 49 watts||≥ 0.107 × Ln(Pno) + 0.39|
|greyed out||greyed out||> 49 watts||≥ 0.82|
|III||0 to < 10 watts||≤ 0.5||0 to 1 watt||≥ 0.49 × Pno||Not applicable|
|10 to 250 watts||≤ 0.75||> 1 to 49 watts||≥ 0.09 × Ln(Pno)+0.49|
|greyed out||greyed out||> 49 to 250 watts||≥ 0.84|
|IV||0 to 250 watts||≤ 0.5||0 to < 1 watt||≥ 0.5 × Pno||Not applicable|
|greyed out||greyed out||1 to 51 watts||≥ 0.09 × Ln(Pno)+0.5|
|greyed out||greyed out||> 51 to 250 watts||≥ 0.85|
|V||0 to < 50 watts||≤ 0.5 for ac-ac;
≤ 0.3 for ac-dc
|0 to ≤ 1 watt||Standard:
≥ 0.480 * Pno + 0.140
≥ 0.497 * Pno + 0.067
|Power supplies with greater than or equal to 100 watts input power must have a true power factor of 0.9 or greater at 100% of rated load when tested at 115 volts @ 60Hz.|
|≥ 50 to ≤ 250 watts||≤ 0.5||> 1 to ≤ 49 watts||Standard:
≥ [0.0626 * Ln (Pno)] + 0.622
≥ [0.0750 * Ln (Pno)] + 0.561
|greyed out||greyed out||> 49 to 250 watts||Standard: ≥ 0.870
Low Voltage: ≥ 0.860
|VI and higher||Reserved for future use.|
¹ Pno is the Nameplate Output Power of the unit under test.
² In Australia and New Zealand, AC-AC external power supplies are not required to meet the no load power requirements.
³ Ln refers to the natural logarithm.
4 A low voltage model is an EPS with a nameplate output voltage of less than 6 volts and a nameplate output current greater than or equal to 550 milliamps.
What is the relationship between the international efficiency marking protocol and ENERGY STAR?
The ENERGY STAR program for External Power Supplies requires that manufacturers mark their power supplies using the international efficiency marking protocol. Any external power supply meeting the performance requirements for level V and above would qualify as ENERGY STAR (Version 2.0). Power supplies with performance levels of I - IV would not qualify under the Version 2.0 ENERGY STAR specification, which takes effect on November 1, 2008.
The new federal US standard for external power supplies (effective July 1, 2008) is identical to level IV above. This standard only requires compliance at 115 V/60 Hz.
What if my power supply meets different efficiency levels when tested at different voltage/frequency combinations?
To qualify as ENERGY STAR, manufacturers are required to mark the nameplate (or an equally visible location) with the highest Roman numeral that the external power supply meets for Active and No-Load requirements at both voltage/frequency combinations (115 V/60 Hz and 230 V/50 Hz). EPA also has a power factor requirement under its Version 2.0 specification that only applies to power supplies with greater than or equal to 100 watts input power and when tested at 115 V/60 Hz.
Some organizations such as Australia's Department of the Environment, Heritage and Arts (DEWHA), as well as the US Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, have adopted a modified approach to this protocol, allowing manufacturers to mark an EPS capable of operating at multiple voltages/frequencies as meeting the requirements in only one voltage/frequency combination. This modified approach is not acceptable for marking a power supply for ENERGY STAR qualification, given the requirement to test and qualify power supplies capable of operating at multiple voltages/frequencies at both 115 V/ 60Hz and 230 V/50 Hz. For illustrative purposes, the table below provides some sample marks and an explanation of each.
|Mark indicating a power supply meets the level V requirements at both 115 V/60 Hz and 230 V/50 Hz, if designed to operate at multiple input voltages. Products with a nameplate marked for only one voltage and frequency should also use this mark assuming the product meets the performance requirements; in other words, manufacturers do not have to indicate the voltage with the mark.|
|Mark indicating a power supply meets the level V performance requirements only at 115 V/60 Hz (for power supplies also able to operate at 230 V/50 Hz). This mark shows compliance with the US mandatory standard, but not with the ENERGY STAR Version 2.0 specification.|
|Mark indicating a power supply meets the level IV performance requirements only at 115 V/60 Hz (for power supplies also able to operate at 230 V/50 Hz). This mark shows compliance with the US mandatory standard.
|Mark indicating a power supply meets the level IV requirements at only 230 V/50 Hz (for power supplies also able to operate at 115 V/60 Hz). This would be relevant for the Australian and New Zealand markets as their MEPS and High Efficiency performance requirements and mandatory marking only require testing and compliance at 230 V ac.|
|Dual marking for a power supply that meets different performance levels at different input voltages.|
For More Information
- On ENERGY STAR: Visit the US ENERGY STAR Web site at www.energystar.gov/powersupplies or contact Andrew Fanara, US EPA, at Fanara.firstname.lastname@example.org.
- On US energy conservation standards: Visit the US Department of Energy (DOE) Web site at http://www.eere.energy.gov/buildings/appliance_standards/
residential/battery_external.html or contact Victor Petrolati, US DOE, at Victor.Petrolati@ee.doe.gov