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Canada's Energy Efficiency Regulations

General Service Fluorescent Lamps
Bulletin on Developing Standards
May 2010

Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) is proposing to amend Canada's Energy Efficiency Regulations (the Regulations) for general service fluorescent lamps.  Dealers of general service fluorescent lamps imported or manufactured in Canada and shipped inter-provincially for sale or lease, are required to comply with minimum energy performance standards and other regulatory requirements.

The purpose of this document is to provide stakeholders with background information on the content of the proposed amendment so that they can submit comments

This bulletin attempts to put the proposed amendment in plain language. The proposed legal text of the amendment will be pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I.

Background

The Second Amendment to the first Canadian Energy Efficiency Regulations of 1995 included general service fluorescent lamps with minimum performance requirements consistent with the U.S. Energy Policy Act of 1992 and covered 4 foot medium bi-pin, 2 foot U-shaped, 8 foot slimline and 8 foot high output lamps. No further changes to the regulation of general service fluorescent lamps have been made since that time.

In June 2009, the US DOE issued a final rule for general service fluorescent lamps with changes effective July 14, 2012. In this standard, higher efficacy levels are set for lamps with correlated color temperatures (CCT) less than or equal to 7000°K.

With the emergence of highly efficient T5 lamps onto the market, and the increasing efficiency of T8 lamps, the options for replacing older, less efficient T12 lamps are numerous. The use of T12 lamps continues to decline (from 58% in 2003 down to 29% in 2008) as people seek more energy-efficient lighting solutions and as energy efficiency regulation makes them less profitable to produce.

The advancement of technology has made it possible to significantly increase the energy efficiency of these lamps and the implementation of these new requirements has the potential to significantly reduce energy consumption nationwide. Harmonizing with the US on these regulations will benefit both the economy and the environment and help Canada to meet its energy efficiency goals. Harmonization also eliminates the potential of manufacturers selling products in Canada that they could not otherwise sell in the US.

Product Description

NRCan is proposing to modify the existing "General Service Fluorescent Lamps" definition and expand its scope as follows for:

  • 4-foot medium bipin (minimum wattage is changed from previous minimum of 28 W to 25 W);
  • 2-foot U-shaped (minimum wattage is changed from previous minimum of 28 W to 25 W);
  • 8-foot single-pin base slimline (no changes to this definition);
  • 8-foot recessed double contact HO lamps (removed the minimum wattage requirement of 95 W and the nominal current requirement of 0.8 A);
  • 4-foot miniature bipin T5 SO (this category of lamp is new to the regulations); and
  • 4-foot miniature bipin T5 HO lamps (this category of lamp is new to the regulations).

The resulting complete definition is listed below:

  • any straight-shaped fluorescent lamp with a nominal overall length of 1200 mm (48 inches), a medium bi-pin base and a rated wattage of not less than 25 W;
  • any U-shaped fluorescent lamp with a nominal overall length of not less than 560 mm (22 inches) and not more than 635 mm (25 inches), a medium bi-pin base and a rated wattage of not less than 25 W;
  • any rapid start straight-shaped fluorescent lamp with a nominal overall length of 2400 mm (96 inches) and a recessed double-contact base;
  • any instant-start straight-shaped fluorescent lamp with a nominal overall length of 2400 mm (96 inches), a single-pin base and a rated wattage of not less than 52 W;
  • any straight-shaped fluorescent lamp with a nominal overall length not less than 1125 mm (45 inches) and not greater than 1200 mm (48 inches), with a miniature bi-pin base (standard output lamps) and a rated wattage of not less than 26 W;
  • any straight-shaped fluorescent lamp with a nominal overall length not less than 1125 mm (45 inches) and not greater than 1200 mm (48 inches), with a miniature bi-pin base (high output lamps) and a rated wattage of not less than 49 W; and
  • any fluorescent lamp that is a physical and electrical equivalent of a lamp described in the previous six paragraph.

NRCan is also proposing to modify the exclusions to the general service fluorescent lamp category. All of the previous exclusions to the general service fluorescent lamp category will remain in the regulations, but will incorporate one change, which is listed below:

  • a fluorescent lamp with a colour-rendering index of 87 or greater (this maximum CRI value has been increased from the previous maximum of 82).

Energy Performance Test Procedure

The Canadian Standards Association standard CAN/CSA C819-95, Performance of General Service Fluorescent Lamps, is the test procedure for General Service Fluorescent Lamps prescribed under the proposed amendment. However, this standard is in the process of being updated and is expected to be published in 2010 in which case, the regulation would refer to the latest version of the standard.

The standard can be ordered from:

Canadian Standards Association
5060 Spectrum Way, Suite 100
Mississauga, ON L4W 5N6
Tel.: 1 800 463-6727
In Toronto, call (416) 747-4000.
Web site: www.csa.ca

Energy Performance Standard

NRCan is proposing to increase the efficacy requirements for general service fluorescent lamps in harmonization with DOE by adopting the standards as listed in Table 1.

Table 1 Proposed Standard for General Service Fluorescent Lamps
Lamp Correlated color temperature Energy conservation standard (lumens/W)
1200 mm (48 inches), medium bi-pin, ≥25W ≤4500K 89
>4500K and ≤7,000K 88
≥560 mm (22 inches) and ≤635 mm
(25 inches), U-shaped, medium bi-pin, ≥25W
≤4500K 84
>4500K and ≤7,000K 81
2400 mm (96 inches), rapid start, recessed
double contact
≤4500K 92
>4500K and ≤7,000K 88
2400 mm (96 inches), instant start,
single-pin, ≥52W
≤4500K 97
>4500K and ≤7,000K 93
≥1125 mm (45 inches) and ≤1200 mm
(48 inches), miniature bi-pin, ≥26W
(standard output)
≤4500K 86
>4500K and ≤7,000K 81
≥1125 mm (45 inches) and ≤1200 mm
(48 inches), miniature bi-pin, ≥49W
(high output)
≤4500K 76
>4500K and ≤7,000K 72

Effective Date

NRCan proposes that these Regulations apply to those products manufactured on or after July 14, 2012.

Verification Mark Labelling Requirements

The Energy Efficiency Regulations currently require that general service fluorescent lamps bear an energy efficiency verification mark indicating that the energy performance of the product has been verified and complies with the appropriate energy performance standard. To bear an energy performance verification mark, it must be authorized by a Standards Council of Canada (SCC) accredited certification body that is recognized for an energy efficiency performance verification program for this product.

Energy Efficiency Reports

There is no intended change to the current reporting requirements. The energy efficiency report (as per the Regulations) required for these lighting products will include the following information:

  • type of product (i.e. General Service Fluorescent Lamp)
  • brand name, model number and manufacturer
  • the name of the organization or province that carried out the verification and authorized the verification mark that will be affixed to the product or its packaging
  • and product-specific requirements as found in Schedule IV of the Energy Efficiency Regulations:
    • The following requirements apply for rapid-start fluorescent lamps:
      • nominal power;
      • shape of product (one of the following):
        1. straight-shape; or
        2. U-shape;
      • nominal length;
      • diameter;
      • type of base (one of the following):
        1. a medium bi-pin base; or
        2. a recessed double-contact base;
      • abbreviation under the designation system in ANSI C78.1 Annex A;
      • correlated colour temperature;
      • average colour-rendering index; and
      • average lamp efficacy.
    • For instant-start fluorescent lamps, the following requirements apply:
      • nominal power;
      • diameter;
      • abbreviation under the designation system in ANSI C78.3 Annex A;
      • correlated colour temperature;
      • average colour-rendering index; and
      • average lamp efficacy.

For all products this energy efficiency report must be submitted by the dealer to Natural Resources Canada before the product is imported to Canada or traded inter-provincially for the first time.

Importing Reports

NRCan does not propose any changes to the importing requirements currently in place, that is:

Dealers/importers must provide the following information on import documents or via electronic transmissions:

  • name of product (e.g. General service fluorescent lamp)
  • model number
  • brand name (if any)
  • address of the importer
  • purpose of the importation (i.e. for sale or lease in Canada; for modification; for export)

More information on the current verification, reporting and importing requirements is available in the Guide to Canada's Energy Efficiency Regulations.

Harmonization

NRCan attempts, where appropriate, to harmonize with other regulatory agencies. The proposed MEPS in this bulletin attempt to harmonize with regulations coming into effect in the US on July 14, 2012 as outlined in the US DOE's Final Rule published June 26, 2009, which includes the provisions of the Energy Independence and Security Act, December 19, 2007.

Comments Invited

The information in the Bulletin is being issued in advance of prepublication in the Canada Gazette Part I for concerned parties to provide advance comment on the proposal. All correspondence should be forwarded to the following address:

Pierrette LeBlanc
Senior Standards Engineer
Office of Energy Efficiency
Natural Resources Canada
Ottawa, ON
K1A 0E4
Fax: 613-947-4121
E-mail