The 2007 edition of the Survey of Household Energy Use (SHEU-2007) collected data on the energy consumption of households in homes and residential buildings in Canada. The survey was conducted by Statistics Canada for the Office of Energy Efficiency (OEE) of Natural Resources Canada.
The OEE is analyzing the survey results and will publish a detailed statistical report as well as a summary report in the spring of 2010.
The detailed statistical report will provide data tables of survey results, a description of the survey methodology and the survey questionnaire.
The summary report will provide highlights of dwelling characteristics and the stock and use of heating and cooling equipment, appliances, electronics and other energy-consuming products. In addition, the report will present valuable insights on the energy efficiency characteristics and the energy consumption of households and their trends over time. Data tables for SHEU-2007 are currently available on the OEE’s Web site (oee.nrcan.gc.ca/statistics).
Chart 1. Type of dwelling, 2007
Chart 2. Average dwelling size by type of dwelling, 2007
The SHEU-2007 reports will provide data and analysis on energy consumption per household by such variables as type of dwelling and region.
Energy consumption per household in 2007 appeared to be influenced by the type of dwelling occupied by households (see Chart 3). The least energy intensive dwelling types were low- and high-rise apartments, which typically have a smaller heated area and share at least one common wall. A common wall between dwellings reduces exposure to both cold and hot outside air, which reduces a dwelling’s heating and cooling requirements. Double/row houses, which also share at least one common wall, consumed less energy than mobile homes despite having a larger average heated area. Single detached houses have the largest heated area, share no common walls and consumed the most energy per dwelling.
Chart 3. Energy consumption per household (gigajoules) by dwelling type, 2007
Similarly, energy consumption per household varied by region (see Chart 4). Quebec had the lowest energy consumption per household followed by British Columbia while households in Alberta had the highest energy consumption per household, followed by Atlantic Canada and Manitoba/Saskatchewan. Although there are many possible reasons for these differences, two of the main factors are the climate of each region and the composition of households by dwelling type. Additional factors include the energy sources used, the different heating systems that are predominant in each region and the occurrence and use of major appliances and electronics. The summary report will discuss some of these factors in further detail.
Chart 4. Energy consumption per household (gigajoules) by region, 2007
For more information or special tabulations on the survey or for information on the services of the OEE, send an e-mail.
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