Energy Consumption of Electric Ranges

Photo of a range


Key facts

  • Self-cleaning ranges typically have been more energy efficient than non-self-cleaning ranges.
  • However, newer self-cleaning ranges use relatively more energy for options such as baking drawers and bridge elements.

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  • To learn more about purchasing an energy-efficient cooking appliance for your home, please visit our cooking appliances page.

Average annual unit energy consumption

  • Between 2002 and 2006, unit energy consumption (UEC) for electric ranges dropped 29%.
  • It has remained relatively unchanged since 2007, with a slight increase over the last four years.

The drop in UEC after 2002 does not entirely reflect an actual improvement in energy efficiency. In 2003, changes to the minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) reduced the frequency of the self-cleaning cycle. These changes affected the overall average annual UEC of self-cleaning ranges, which means that data prior to 2003 are not directly comparable with data after that date.

Check out our publication Choosing and Using Appliances With EnerGuide (PDF, 934 KB) for more information.


Average annual UEC of electric ranges, 1990–2016 (kWh/yr)

Average annual UEC of electric ranges, 1990–2016 (kWh/yr)

Text version

Average annual UEC of electric ranges, 1990–2016 (kWh/yr)

Model year kWh/yr
1990 772.2
1991 778.1
1992 778.6
1993 782.1
1994 773.6
1995 771.3
1996 774.4
1997 772.4
1998 770.8
1999 758.7
2000 759.9
2001 762.5
2002 756.0
2003 709.4
2004 652.7
2005 572.5
2006 537.2
2007 524.3
2008 521.7
2009 517.7
2010 521.7
2011 525.7
2012 523.3
2013 538.7
2014 546.0
2015 550.5
2016 556.4
Note: The vertical line shown in 2003 refers to the amendment to the MEPS for electric ranges. Due to changes in the methodology for estimating average annual UEC, the data prior to 2003 are not directly comparable with those from 2003 to 2016.

Self-cleaning vs non-self-cleaning ranges

Self-cleaning ranges have typically been more energy-efficient than non-self-cleaning ranges because they usually have better insulation. However, newer self-cleaning ranges tend to have more energy consuming options such as:

  • Baking drawers
  • True temperature systems to manage temperature
  • Larger heating elements
  • Bridge elements
  • Warming zones

Non-self-cleaning ranges have become increasingly more efficient. Since 2007, they have consumed less energy on average than self-cleaning ranges.


Average annual UEC of electric ranges by type, 1990–2016 (kWh/yr)

Average annual UEC of electric ranges by type, 1990–2016 (kWh/yr)

Text version

Average annual UEC of electric ranges by type, 1990–2016 (kWh/yr)

Non-self-cleaning Self-cleaning
1990 785.7 726.8
1991 787.4 755.1
1992 788.3 754.1
1993 795.2 751.5
1994 785.4 746.6
1995 778.3 756.4
1996 780.3 762.5
1997 780.2 758.5
1998 778.5 759.6
1999 770.3 741.8
2000 770.7 746.3
2001 785.7 741.2
2002 783.9 735.2
2003 732.1 691.0
2004 694.1 622.4
2005 593.2 558.0
2006 558.9 522.7
2007 522.4 525.2
2008 516.3 524.1
2009 502.6 523.5
2010 499.3 529.7
2011 496.6 534.4
2012 495.5 535.0
2013 522.1 545.8
2014 523.0 555.0
2015 516.8 561.0
2016 524.0 567.6
Note: The vertical line shown in 2003 refers to the amendment to the MEPS for electric ranges. Due to changes in the methodology for estimating average annual UEC, the data prior to 2003 are not directly comparable with those from 2003 to 2016.

Distribution of shipments by unit energy consumption

In 1990, 100% of shipped electric ranges consumed 600 kWh/yr or more.

By 2016, 44% of shipped ranges consumed fewer than 550 kWh/yr (some of this decrease is due to changes in how UEC ratings are now calculated).


Distribution of electric ranges by average annual UEC, 1990–2016 (%)

Distribution of electric ranges by average annual UEC, 1990–2016 (%)

Text version

Distribution of electric ranges by average annual UEC, 1990–2016 (%)

0–399.9 kWh/yr 400–449.9 kWh/yr 450–499.9 kWh/yr 500–549.9 kWh/yr 550–599.9 kWh/yr 600–899.9 kWh/yr
1990 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
1991 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
1992 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
1993 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
1994 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
1995 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
1996 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
1997 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
1998 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
1999 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
2000 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
2001 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
2002 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
2003 0.0 0.9 11.6 4.9 0.5 82.1
2004 0.0 6.3 21.5 11.4 1.9 58.9
2005 0.0 7.0 37.9 20.8 5.4 28.9
2006 0.0 10.4 37.5 22.4 14.2 15.5
2007 0.0 9.3 29.7 34.6 16.6 9.8
2008 0.0 6.7 25.0 43.4 17.8 7.1
2009 0.1 4.5 25.2 43.4 22.5 4.3
2010 0.6 3.7 22.1 43.0 25.0 5.6
2011 0.8 2.8 19.9 41.7 30.5 4.2
2012 0.6 3.5 18.7 41.8 32.1 3.5
2013 1.4 3.3 12.5 36.7 38.4 7.8
2014 1.5 3.4 6.8 38.0 40.8 9.5
2015 1.8 6.9 3.5 34.0 41.5 12.3
2016 1.2 6.3 3.4 31.8 39.0 18.3