Table 1 Comparison of energy consumption, GDP and energy intensity of the Manufacturing sector and selected subsectors, 1995–2014
  Change in energy consumption Change in GDP Change in energy intensity
(%) (PJ) (%) (billion $) (%)
Total Manufacturing (NAICS 31–33) -12.6 -315.2 19.8 28.6 -27.1
Paper (NAICS 322) -41.9 -377.6 -21.5 -1.9 -26.0
Primary Metal (NAICS 331) -6.3 -31.9 33.5 3.7 -29.8
Petroleum and Coal Product (NAICS 324) 3.6 10.6 13.0 0.8 -8.3
Chemical (NAICS 325) 14.0 38.8 17.1 1.9 -2.7
Wood Product (NAICS 321) 41.3 44.7 48.1 3.0 -4.6
Non-Metallic Mineral Product (NAICS 327) -16.1 -19.0 51.1 1.8 -44.5
Food (NAICS 311) 32.6 27.7 37.7 6.1 -3.7
Other Manufacturing subsectors -4.1 -8.5 16.3 13.3 -17.6