Freight Transportation Explanatory Variables
  1990   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Trucks
 
Sales (thousands)
Light Trucks1,a,b 102   162 192 197 200 214 226
Medium Trucks1,a,b 45   97 116 118 132 135 139
Heavy Trucks1,a,b 16   15 19 25 33 30 27

Stock (thousands)
Light Trucksa,c 995   2,174 2,258 2,338 2,387 2,553 2,722
Medium Trucksa,d 572   1,315 1,405 1,432 1,450 1,513 1,603
Heavy Trucksa,d 297   391 396 415 432 433 455

Average Distance Travelled per Year (km)
Light Trucksa 21,126   19,155 19,317 18,966 19,193 18,913 17,930
Medium Trucksa,e 21,663   23,381 26,203 25,481 25,332 25,826 24,838
Heavy Trucksa, e 51,886   89,911 91,536 92,773 90,602 91,988 91,279

On-Road Average Fuel Consumption (L/100 km)
 
Light Trucksa,f
Motor Gasoline2 13.3   11.9 11.8 11.7 11.7 11.6 11.6
Diesel Fuel Oil3 10.1   11.5 11.0 10.5 10.0 9.6 9.2

Medium Trucksa, e
Motor Gasoline2 27.1   25.3 23.2 23.0 22.8 22.4 22.1
Diesel Fuel Oil3 27.6   24.4 23.2 22.8 22.4 22.1 21.7

Heavy Trucksa, e
Diesel Fuel Oil3 42.5   33.5 33.6 33.2 32.8 32.5 32.1

Lab-Tested Light Truck Fuel Consumption1 (L/100 km)f
CAFC Standard Light Trucks4 11.8   10.2 10.0 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
CAFC Average Light Truck Fleet4 11.4   9.1 8.5 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Footnotes:

1) These series are representatives of vehicles produced in the model year, not for vehicles sold in that calendar year.
2) Includes Ethanol.
3) Includes Biodiesel.
4) Growth rate shown in the final column entitle "Total Growth 1990–2014" is for 1990 to 2010

Sources:

a) Natural Resources Canada, Transportation End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2016.
b) R.L. Polk & Co., New Vehicle Registrations, 1990–2013, Southfield (Detroit), Michigan, 2015.
c) DesRosiers Automotive Consultants, Canadian Vehicles in Operation Census, 1990–2014, Richmond Hill (Toronto), 2016.
d) R.L. Polk & Co., Truck Industry Profile, 1994–2002, Southfield (Detroit), Michigan, 2004. Data for 2003 to 2010 estimated by Natural Resources Canada. 2010-2014 data were based on CANSIM Table 405-0004.
e) Statistics Canada, Canadian Vehicle Survey, 2004–2009, Ottawa, 2010 (Cat. No. 53-223-X).
f) Transport Canada, Vehicle Fuel Economy Information System, 1979–2009, Ottawa, 2010.