Freight Transportation Explanatory Variables
  1990   2015 2016
Trucks
 
Sales (thousands)
Light Trucks1,a,b 102   264 284
Medium Trucks1,a,b 40   124 134
Heavy Trucks1,a,b 16   30 24

Stock (thousands)
Light Trucksa,c 995   2,913 3,072
Medium Trucksa,d 572   1,642 1,693
Heavy Trucksa,d 297   464 463

Average Distance Travelled per Year (km)
Light Trucksa 21,126   17,620 17,830
Medium Trucksa,e 21,663   23,475 22,462
Heavy Trucksa, e 51,886   83,597 77,791

On-Road Average Fuel Consumption (L/100 km)
 
Light Trucksa,f
Motor Gasoline2 13.3   11.2 11.1
Diesel Fuel Oil3 10.1   9.2 9.1

Medium Trucksa, e
Motor Gasoline2 27.1   21.3 21.0
Diesel Fuel Oil3 27.6   21.4 21.0

Heavy Trucksa, e
Diesel Fuel Oil3 42.5   31.6 31.1

Lab-Tested Light Truck Fuel Consumption1 (L/100 km)f
CAFC Standard Light Trucks4 11.8   n.a. n.a.
CAFC Average Light Truck Fleet4 11.4   n.a. n.a.

Footnotes:

1) These series are representatives of vehicles produced in the model year, not for vehicles sold in that calendar year.
2) Include Ethanol
3) Include Biodiesel
4) Growth rate shown in the final column entitled "Total Growth 1990–2016" is for 1990 to 2010

Sources:

a) Natural Resources Canada, Transportation End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2018.
b) IHS Markit, New Vehicle Registrations, 1990–2016, Toronto, 2018.
c) DesRosiers Automotive Consultants, Canadian Vehicles in Operation Census, 1990–2016, Richmond Hill (Toronto), 2018.
d) R.L. Polk & Co., Truck Industry Profile, 1994–2002, Southfield (Detroit), Michigan, 2004. Some data for 2003 to 2009 estimated by Natural Resources Canada. 2010-2016 data were based on Statistics Canada, Table 23-10-0067-01, Road motor vehicle registrations by type of vehicle, Ottawa, 2018.
e) Statistics Canada, Canadian Vehicle Survey, 2004–2009, Ottawa, 2010 (Cat. No. 53-223-X).
f) Transport Canada, Vehicle Fuel Economy Information System, 1979–2009, Ottawa, 2010.