Commercial/Institutional GHG Emissions by Energy Source, End Use and Activity Type
Including Electricity-Related Emissions
  1990   2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total GHG Emissions Including Electricity (Mt of CO2e)a,d 41.0   46.9 46.8 43.9 45.4 46.7 45.2

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt of CO2e)a,d
Electricity 15.1   19.0 17.0 15.9 16.2 15.6 15.5
Natural Gas 19.6   23.7 24.9 22.9 24.4 26.2 24.9
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 4.4   1.3 1.6 1.3 2.0 2.3 2.2
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.9   0.6 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.2
Steam 0.0   0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other1 1.0   2.2 2.4 2.9 2.5 2.3 2.2

GHG Emissions by End Use (Mt of CO2e)b,d
Space Heating 24.4   25.3 27.0 25.0 26.7 28.6 27.1
Water Heating 3.2   4.0 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Auxiliary Equipment 3.1   6.3 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.5
Auxiliary Motors 3.4   2.9 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.1
Lighting 4.7   5.4 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.2 4.1
Space Cooling 1.7   2.6 2.4 2.4 1.8 1.8 2.1
Street Lightingc 0.5   0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

GHG Emissions by Activity Type2 (Mt of CO2e)b,d
Wholesale Trade 2.9   2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Retail Trade 6.7   7.8 7.8 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.3
Transportation and Warehousing 2.5   1.9 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7
Information and Cultural Industries 0.8   1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Offices3 12.9   16.4 16.4 15.3 16.2 16.4 15.8
Educational Services 5.3   5.9 6.0 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.8
Health Care and Social Assistance 4.6   5.1 5.2 4.9 5.2 5.5 5.5
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 0.9   1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2
Accommodation and Food Services 3.0   3.6 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.4
Other Services 0.9   0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ)a,d 54.9   50.3 47.9 46.6 46.5 45.3 44.8

Footnotes:

1) “Other” includes coal and propane.
2) Excludes street lighting.
3) “Offices” includes activities related to finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional, scientific and technical services; public administration; and others..

Sources:

a) Statistics Canada, Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada, 1990–2015, CANSIM (Table 128-0016), Ottawa, 2017.
b) Natural Resources Canada, Commercial/Institutional End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2017.
c) Statistics Canada, Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution 1990–2007 (Cat. No. 57-202-X). Data for reference year 2008 onward were provided on request.
d) Environment and Climate Change Canada, National Inventory Report 1990–2015: Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada, Ottawa, 2017.