Commercial/Institutional Secondary Energy Use (Final Demand) by Energy Source, End Use and Activity Type
  1990   2012 2013 2014 2015
Total Energy Use (PJ)a 745.6   942.5 975.5 1,030.3 1,009.4

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)a
Electricity 268.6   400.5 406.9 421.6 425.2
Natural Gas 387.1   464.4 496.7 534.9 512.9
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 62.0   18.3 28.7 33.3 32.2
Heavy Fuel Oil 11.4   12.0 3.6 3.8 3.0
Steam 0.2   0.0 0.3 0.5 0.5
Other1 16.3   47.3 39.3 36.1 35.6

Energy Use by End Use (PJ)b
Space Heating 449.9   493.1 533.1 577.9 552.1
Water Heating 57.7   78.9 79.3 79.4 79.0
Auxiliary Equipment 54.3   128.5 135.9 140.8 145.1
Auxiliary Motors 60.4   63.4 64.1 63.6 58.1
Lighting 84.0   110.5 111.0 114.3 112.0
Space Cooling 30.3   60.4 44.7 46.6 55.3
Street Lightingf 8.9   7.5 7.6 7.6 7.7

Energy Use by Activity Type2 (PJ)b
Wholesale Trade 53.2   55.1 55.9 58.8 57.1
Retail Trade 123.0   156.4 159.0 167.7 163.5
Transportation and Warehousing 45.1   37.0 37.7 39.7 38.0
Information and Cultural Industries 14.2   20.4 20.5 21.8 21.2
Offices3 234.5   329.1 347.9 364.1 355.7
Educational Services 95.7   120.6 123.1 130.9 127.9
Health Care and Social Assistance 83.0   104.9 110.4 120.0 120.5
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 16.5   24.1 24.7 26.2 25.9
Accommodation and Food Services 54.9   71.5 72.7 76.9 75.9
Other Services 16.5   15.9 16.0 16.7 16.0

Activity
Total Floor Space (million m2)c 509.9   732.1 739.0 743.3 751.5
Energy Intensity2 (GJ/m2)a,c 1.44   1.28 1.31 1.38 1.33
Heating Degree-Day Indexb,d 0.92   0.84 0.93 0.98 0.92
Cooling Degree-Day Indexb,e 1.05   1.70 1.18 1.11 1.37

Footnotes:

1) “Other” includes coal and propane.
2) Excludes street lighting.
3) “Offices” includes activities related to finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional, scientific and technical services; public administration; and others..

Sources:

a) Statistics Canada, Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada, 1990–2015, CANSIM (Table 128-0016), Ottawa, 2017.
b) Natural Resources Canada, Commercial/Institutional End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2017.
c) Informetrica Limited, The Informetrica Model, 1990–2011. Data for 2012 onward are provided by Environment and Climate Change Canada. They assumed responsibility for operating The Informetrica Model as Informetrica Limited ceased its operations.
d) Environment and Climate Change Canada, Climate Summaries, Monthly Values of Degree-Days Below 18.0°C, 1990–2015, Ottawa.
e) Environment and Climate Change Canada, Climate Summaries, Monthly Values of Degree-Days Above 18.0°C, 1990–2015, Ottawa.
f) Statistics Canada, Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution 1990–2007 (Cat. No. 57-202-X). Data for reference year 2008 onward were provided on request.