Industrial Secondary Energy Use by Industry
  1990   2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total Energy Use (PJ)a,c 2,710.0   3,321.5 3,415.9 3,525.1 3,584.4 3,540.5

Energy Use by Industry (PJ)a,c
Copper, Nickel, Lead and Zinc Mines 36.6   26.4 29.7 31.0 31.9 32.3
Iron Mines 39.8   30.9 34.2 37.4 38.3 35.6
Gold and Silver Mines 13.2   16.2 18.3 23.5 26.6 26.8
Other Metal Mines 9.1   6.5 7.3 7.8 9.5 6.9
Salt Mines 2.9   2.1 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.4
Potash Mines 27.4   38.7 35.8 31.3 31.0 32.9
Other Non-Metal Mines 8.0   9.1 8.8 8.4 8.5 8.6
Upstream Mining 210.7   918.4 1,019.9 1,102.6 1,127.5 1,190.9
Fruit and Vegetable Industries 9.2   14.4 14.7 12.9 14.2 14.1
Dairy Products Industry 11.8   10.6 10.1 11.0 11.5 11.6
Meat Products Industries 12.6   25.7 27.9 26.6 22.1 19.4
Bakery Products Industries 9.2   9.2 10.9 10.8 9.1 8.7
Beverage Industries (excluding breweries) 3.3   6.3 6.1 6.2 7.3 4.3
Breweries Industries 7.8   3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4
Tobacco Products Industries 1.3   0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3
Textile Mills 14.0   3.8 4.1 4.2 3.1 3.3
Textile Products Mills 6.8   2.4 2.4 2.9 2.9 2.5
Clothing Industries 6.0   1.5 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.3
Leather and Allied Products Industries 1.4   0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Wood Products Industries 44.5   64.4 65.1 58.9 61.1 67.7
Pulp Mills 300.2   235.5 230.3 235.8 269.8 288.3
Paper Mills (except newsprint) 99.8   89.6 92.7 69.7 91.0 77.9
Newsprint Mills 247.7   103.1 94.3 117.4 91.8 88.9
Paperboard Mills 62.6   51.1 46.1 40.7 36.2 33.9
Other Pulp and Paper Manufacturing 18.0   62.0 61.3 96.5 87.7 68.6
Converted Paper Products Industry 11.2   16.3 15.6 18.0 18.1 13.2
Printing and Related Support Activities 10.9   10.8 10.2 10.7 7.2 5.2
Petroleum Refining 323.3   339.3 342.8 321.0 319.0 305.1
Petrochemical Industry 32.3   56.7 52.9 59.7 62.8 57.4
Industrial Gas Industry 5.9   17.7 25.8 25.7 36.0 35.8
Alkali and chlorine manufacturing 30.4   3.1 3.0 3.1 3.1 2.8
All other basic inorganic chemical manufacturing 28.7   30.5 30.7 29.3 32.8 31.6
Chemical fertilizer (except potash) manufacturing 31.9   58.8 59.2 68.8 64.4 66.1
Other Chemical Manufacturing 94.0   104.9 100.8 97.9 93.3 101.6
Resin and Synthetic Rubber Industries 48.3   57.3 53.2 54.1 45.2 42.7
Motor Vehicle Plastic Parts Manufacturing  2.8   4.3 3.6 3.4 3.8 4.4
Rubber Products Industries 9.7   8.8 8.7 8.1 8.3 7.7
Cement Industry 59.3   58.0 57.0 54.9 57.1 57.3
Iron and Steel 219.4   227.0 231.1 214.8 231.0 202.8
Primary Production of Alumina and Aluminum 109.8   187.5 175.9 179.4 187.9 184.9
Other Non-Ferrous Smelting and Refining 73.5   61.3 53.7 45.9 41.4 45.1
Fabricated Metal Products Industries 37.4   39.1 40.5 39.4 33.8 31.9
Machinery Industries 12.2   18.8 21.6 22.4 23.1 20.9
Computer and Electronic Products Industries 4.6   6.4 7.1 6.4 6.4 6.6
Electrical Equipment and Components Industries 8.6   5.3 5.7 6.6 7.1 6.2
Motor Vehicle Industry 18.7   17.0 16.3 16.6 16.7 16.2
Motor Vehicle Gasoline Engine and Engine Parts Manufacturing 3.1   2.4 2.4 1.9 2.4 2.3
Motor Vehicle Electrical and Electronic Equipment Manufacturing 0.3   0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2
Motor Vehicle Steering and Suspension Components (except Spring) Manufacturing 2.1   1.2 1.1 1.0 1.3 0.9
Motor Vehicle Brake System Manufacturing  1.8   0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Motor Vehicle Transmission and Power Train Parts Manufacturing  3.0   1.8 3.6 1.9 2.1 2.4
Motor Vehicle Seating and Interior Trim Manufacturing 1.2   1.6 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.2
Motor Vehicle Metal Stamping  3.3   3.1 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.6
Other Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing  3.3   2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.0
Furniture and Related Products Industries 6.8   10.5 9.8 10.1 8.9 9.2
Miscellaneous Manufacturing  4.7   8.0 7.3 7.6 6.6 5.7
Other Manufacturing n.e.c. 229.4   130.2 139.4 166.6 173.3 134.6
Construction 66.9   78.8 82.0 79.3 76.5 82.2
Forestry 7.7   19.8 19.0 19.1 18.4 19.7

Activity
GDP (million $2007)b,c 291,400   402,490 410,780 417,281 431,486 424,825
Energy Intensity (MJ/$2007 – GDP)a,b,c 9.3   8.3 8.3 8.5 8.3 8.3

Sources:

a) Statistics Canada, Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada, 1990–2015, CANSIM (Table 128-0016), Ottawa, 2017.
b) Statistics Canada, Gross domestic product (GDP) at basic prices, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) CANSIM (Table 379-0031), Ottawa, 2017. Data prior to 1997 were estimated by Canadian Industrial Energy End Use Data and Analysis Centre, 1990 to 2015, Simon Fraser University, 2017 and Natural Resources Canada.
c) Environment and Climate Change Canada, National Inventory Report 1990-2015: Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada, Ottawa, 2017.