Canada’s GHG Emissions by Sector, End Use and Subsector
Including Electricity-Related Emissions
  1990   2015 2016
Total GHG Emissions Including Electricity (Mt of CO2e)a,b,d,e,f 401.0   484.2 474.7
Residential (Mt of CO2e)a,b,e 72.8   66.8 61.1
Space Heating 47.0   41.5 37.5
Water Heating 12.5   14.1 13.0
Appliances 9.9   7.9 7.3
Major Appliances 8.3   4.5 4.1
Other Appliances1 1.6   3.4 3.1
Lighting 2.8   2.1 1.9
Space Cooling 0.6   1.1 1.3
Commercial/Institutional (Mt of CO2e)a,c,e 41.0   45.8 44.4
Space Heating 24.4   27.1 26.8
Water Heating 3.2   4.0 3.9
Auxiliary Equipment 3.1   5.8 5.4
Auxiliary Motors 3.4   2.2 2.0
Lighting 4.7   4.3 3.9
Space Cooling 1.7   2.2 2.1
Street Lightingg 0.5   0.3 0.3
Industrial (Mt of CO2e)a,e,f 141.4   169.6 169.8
Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction 22.5   72.4 74.5
Pulp and Paper 24.5   10.1 9.8
Iron and Steel 16.5   14.9 15.4
Smelting and Refining 10.9   10.2 10.1
Cement 4.4   4.2 4.2
Chemicals 10.8   13.0 12.2
Petroleum Refining 18.2   18.4 16.2
Other Manufacturing 28.7   18.3 18.3
Forestry 0.6   1.7 2.0
Construction 4.3   6.4 7.1
Total Transportation (Mt of CO2e)a,d,e 132.3   182.2 180.3
Passenger Transportation (Mt of CO2e)a,d,e 80.9   93.6 95.2
Cars 49.3   36.1 35.7
Light Trucks 15.1   34.6 36.4
Motorcycles 0.2   0.4 0.4
Buses 3.1   3.8 3.5
Air 12.9   18.6 19.1
Rail 0.3   0.2 0.2
Freight Transportation (Mt of CO2e)a,d,e 47.7   80.7 76.8
Light Trucks 6.7   13.5 14.3
Medium Trucks 8.2   20.9 20.1
Heavy Trucks 17.8   33.5 30.6
Air 0.5   0.4 0.4
Rail 6.7   6.9 6.3
Marine 7.9   5.4 5.1
Off-Road (Mt of CO2e)d,e 3.7   7.9 8.4
Agriculture (Mt of CO2e)a,e 13.5   19.8 19.1

Footnotes:

1) “Other Appliances” includes small appliances such as televisions, video cassette recorders, digital video disc players, radios, computers and toasters.

Sources:

a) Statistics Canada, Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada, 1990–2016, Ottawa, 2018.
b) Natural Resources Canada, Residential End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2018.
c) Natural Resources Canada, Commercial/Institutional End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2018.
d) Natural Resources Canada, Transportation End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2018.
e) Environment and Climate Change Canada, National Inventory Report 1990-2016: Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada, Ottawa, 2018.
f) The Canadian Energy and Emissions Data Centre, Simon Fraser University, 2018.
g) Statistics Canada, Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 1990–2007 (Cat. No. 57-202-X). Data for reference year 2008 onward were provided on request.