Residential Sector
Quebec
Table 8: Space Heating Secondary Energy Use by System Type
  1990   2015 2016
Total Space Heating Energy Use (PJ) 244.3   239.1 235.1

Energy Use by System Type (PJ)
Heating Oil – Normal Efficiency 45.6   0.0 0.0
Heating Oil – Medium Efficiency 0.0   10.4 11.3
Heating Oil – High Efficiency 0.0   0.0 0.0
Natural Gas – Normal Efficiency 17.6   0.0 0.0
Natural Gas – Medium Efficiency 0.6   2.8 2.5
Natural Gas – High Efficiency 1.1   11.7 11.6
Electric 65.2   110.1 104.3
Heat Pump 2.9   8.4 8.1
Other1 2.5   1.5 1.6
Wood 7.0   9.4 9.5

Dual Systems
Wood/Electric 82.2   68.5 69.1
Wood/Heating Oil 12.6   7.0 7.4
Natural Gas/Electric 0.3   2.5 2.4
Heating Oil/Electric 6.7   6.8 7.3

Shares (%)
Heating Oil – Normal Efficiency 18.7   0.0 0.0
Heating Oil – Medium Efficiency 0.0   4.4 4.8
Heating Oil – High Efficiency 0.0   0.0 0.0
Natural Gas – Normal Efficiency 7.2   0.0 0.0
Natural Gas – Medium Efficiency 0.2   1.2 1.1
Natural Gas – High Efficiency 0.5   4.9 4.9
Electric 26.7   46.1 44.4
Heat Pump 1.2   3.5 3.4
Other1 1.0   0.6 0.7
Wood 2.9   3.9 4.0

Dual Systems
Wood/Electric 33.7   28.7 29.4
Wood/Heating Oil 5.2   2.9 3.1
Natural Gas/Electric 0.1   1.0 1.0
Heating Oil/Electric 2.7   2.9 3.1

Activity
Total Floor Space (million m2) 276.9   444.8 451.4
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 0.88   0.54 0.52
Heat Gains (PJ) 24.4   30.0 28.6
Heating Degree-Day Index 0.92   0.96 0.92

Footnotes:

1) “Other” includes coal and propane.