Residential Sector
Canada
Table 10: Space Heating Secondary Energy Use by System Type
  1990   2015 2016
Total Space Heating Energy Use (PJ) 957.6   959.5 885.1

Energy Use by System Type (PJ)
Heating Oil – Normal Efficiency 140.1   0.4 0.2
Heating Oil – Medium Efficiency 2.8   44.8 40.3
Heating Oil – High Efficiency 0.0   0.0 0.0
Natural Gas – Normal Efficiency 370.4   2.6 1.0
Natural Gas – Medium Efficiency 17.1   194.1 161.1
Natural Gas – High Efficiency 18.7   284.5 261.3
Electric 130.1   198.8 187.4
Heat Pump 7.6   23.6 22.2
Other1 18.2   13.4 15.6
Wood 36.3   27.8 28.3

Dual Systems
Wood/Electric 165.2   127.6 127.5
Wood/Heating Oil 41.1   26.6 25.3
Natural Gas/Electric 2.1   6.9 6.4
Heating Oil/Electric 7.9   8.3 8.6

Shares (%)
Heating Oil – Normal Efficiency 14.6   0.0 0.0
Heating Oil – Medium Efficiency 0.3   4.7 4.6
Heating Oil – High Efficiency 0.0   0.0 0.0
Natural Gas – Normal Efficiency 38.7   0.3 0.1
Natural Gas – Medium Efficiency 1.8   20.2 18.2
Natural Gas – High Efficiency 2.0   29.6 29.5
Electric 13.6   20.7 21.2
Heat Pump 0.8   2.5 2.5
Other1 1.9   1.4 1.8
Wood 3.8   2.9 3.2

Dual Systems
Wood/Electric 17.2   13.3 14.4
Wood/Heating Oil 4.3   2.8 2.9
Natural Gas/Electric 0.2   0.7 0.7
Heating Oil/Electric 0.8   0.9 1.0

Activity
Total Floor Space (million m2) 1,208   1,996 2,029
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 0.79   0.48 0.44
Heat Gains (PJ) 89.8   105.4 98.8
Heating Degree-Day Index 0.92   0.92 0.89

Footnotes:

1) “Other” includes coal and propane.