Commercial/Institutional Sector
Canada
Table 38: Space Heating Secondary Energy Use and GHG Emissions by Activity Type – Including Electricity-Related Emissions
  1990   2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total Space Heating Energy Use (PJ) 449.9   533.3 493.1 533.1 577.9 552.1

Energy Use by Activity Type (PJ)
Wholesale Trade 32.4   31.3 28.6 30.4 32.9 31.1
Retail Trade 74.8   88.4 81.7 86.8 94.2 89.6
Transportation and Warehousing 31.2   25.3 23.1 24.4 26.2 24.6
Information and Cultural Industries 8.5   11.4 10.5 11.1 12.2 11.6
Offices1 142.5   189.5 174.7 193.2 206.2 196.3
Educational Services 58.1   67.8 63.0 67.0 73.4 70.0
Health Care and Social Assistance 49.7   57.5 54.0 59.2 66.6 65.4
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 10.1   13.6 12.6 13.4 14.7 14.2
Accommodation and Food Services 32.5   39.3 36.5 38.7 42.0 40.4
Other Services 10.1   9.2 8.3 8.8 9.5 8.8

Shares (%)
Wholesale Trade 7.2   5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Retail Trade 16.6   16.6 16.6 16.3 16.3 16.2
Transportation and Warehousing 6.9   4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5
Information and Cultural Industries 1.9   2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Offices1 31.7   35.5 35.4 36.2 35.7 35.5
Educational Services 12.9   12.7 12.8 12.6 12.7 12.7
Health Care and Social Assistance 11.1   10.8 11.0 11.1 11.5 11.8
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 2.2   2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6
Accommodation and Food Services 7.2   7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.3
Other Services 2.2   1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6

Activity
Total Floor Space (million m2) 509.95   721.64 732.08 739.03 743.27 751.46
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 0.88   0.74 0.67 0.72 0.78 0.73
Total Space Heating GHG Emissions Including Electricity (Mt of CO2e) 24.4   27.0 25.0 26.7 28.6 27.1

GHG Emissions by Activity Type (Mt of CO2e)
Wholesale Trade 1.7   1.6 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.5
Retail Trade 4.0   4.5 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.4
Transportation and Warehousing 1.7   1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2
Information and Cultural Industries 0.5   0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Offices1 7.7   9.6 8.8 9.6 10.1 9.6
Educational Services 3.2   3.4 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.5
Health Care and Social Assistance 2.7   2.9 2.8 3.0 3.4 3.3
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 0.6   0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
Accommodation and Food Services 1.8   2.0 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.0
Other Services 0.6   0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Shares (%)
Wholesale Trade 7.1   5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6
Retail Trade 16.4   16.5 16.4 16.2 16.2 16.1
Transportation and Warehousing 6.9   4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Information and Cultural Industries 1.9   2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Offices1 31.7   35.7 35.4 36.1 35.4 35.3
Educational Services 13.0   12.7 12.9 12.7 12.8 12.8
Health Care and Social Assistance 11.2   10.9 11.1 11.3 11.8 12.1
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 2.3   2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Accommodation and Food Services 7.2   7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.4
Other Services 2.3   1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.2   50.7 50.6 50.0 49.5 49.1
Heating Degree-Day Index 0.92   0.90 0.84 0.93 0.98 0.92

Footnotes:

1) “Offices” includes activities related to finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional, scientific and technical services; public administration; and others.