Commercial/Institutional Sector
Canada
Table 2: Secondary Energy Use and GHG Emissions by Activity Type – Including Electricity-Related Emissions
  1990   2012 2013 2014 2015
Total Energy Use (PJ) 745.6   942.5 975.5 1,030.3 1,009.4

Energy Use by Activity Type1 (PJ)
Wholesale Trade 53.2   55.1 55.9 58.8 57.1
Retail Trade 123.0   156.4 159.0 167.7 163.5
Transportation and Warehousing 45.1   37.0 37.7 39.7 38.0
Information and Cultural Industries 14.2   20.4 20.5 21.8 21.2
Offices2 234.5   329.1 347.9 364.1 355.7
Educational Services 95.7   120.6 123.1 130.9 127.9
Health Care and Social Assistance 83.0   104.9 110.4 120.0 120.5
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 16.5   24.1 24.7 26.2 25.9
Accommodation and Food Services 54.9   71.5 72.7 76.9 75.9
Other Services 16.5   15.9 16.0 16.7 16.0

Shares (%)
Wholesale Trade 7.2   5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7
Retail Trade 16.7   16.7 16.4 16.4 16.3
Transportation and Warehousing 6.1   4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8
Information and Cultural Industries 1.9   2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Offices2 31.8   35.2 35.9 35.6 35.5
Educational Services 13.0   12.9 12.7 12.8 12.8
Health Care and Social Assistance 11.3   11.2 11.4 11.7 12.0
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 2.2   2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Accommodation and Food Services 7.5   7.6 7.5 7.5 7.6
Other Services 2.2   1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6

Activity
Total Floor Space (million m2) 509.9   732.1 739.0 743.3 751.5
Energy Intensity1 (GJ/m2) 1.44   1.28 1.31 1.38 1.33
Total GHG Emissions Including Electricity (Mt of CO2e) 41.0   43.9 45.4 46.7 45.2

GHG Emissions by Activity Type1 (Mt of CO2e)
Wholesale Trade 2.9   2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Retail Trade 6.7   7.3 7.4 7.6 7.3
Transportation and Warehousing 2.5   1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7
Information and Cultural Industries 0.8   0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Offices2 12.9   15.3 16.2 16.4 15.8
Educational Services 5.3   5.6 5.7 6.0 5.8
Health Care and Social Assistance 4.6   4.9 5.2 5.5 5.5
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 0.9   1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2
Accommodation and Food Services 3.0   3.4 3.4 3.5 3.4
Other Services 0.9   0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7

Shares (%)
Wholesale Trade 7.2   5.9 5.7 5.7 5.7
Retail Trade 16.6   16.6 16.3 16.3 16.2
Transportation and Warehousing 6.1   4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8
Information and Cultural Industries 1.9   2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Offices2 31.8   35.2 35.8 35.4 35.3
Educational Services 13.1   12.9 12.8 12.8 12.8
Health Care and Social Assistance 11.4   11.3 11.5 11.9 12.2
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 2.3   2.6 2.5 2.6 2.6
Accommodation and Food Services 7.4   7.7 7.6 7.6 7.7
Other Services 2.3   1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.9   46.6 46.5 45.3 44.8
Heating Degree-Day Index 0.92   0.84 0.93 0.98 0.92
Cooling Degree-Day Index 1.05   1.70 1.18 1.11 1.37

Footnotes:

1) Excludes street lighting.
2) “Offices” includes activities related to finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional, scientific and technical services; public administration; and others.