Residential Sector - Energy Use Analysis
  1990   2011 2012 2013 2014
Total Residential
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 1,424.55   1,524.99 1,457.34 1,517.34 1,560.50

Energy Use by Building Type (PJ)
Single Detached 1,023.57   1,075.68 1,025.32 1,062.78 1,089.09
Single Attached 117.59   144.15 137.91 146.17 152.32
Apartments 248.73   271.26 261.45 275.31 286.07
Mobile Homes 34.65   33.90 32.66 33.09 33.02

Energy Use by End-Use (PJ)
Space Heating 957.48   962.94 894.81 959.26 996.51
Water Heating 230.77   299.07 295.63 295.32 300.03
Appliances 176.79   183.70 185.32 189.02 191.86
Lighting 49.53   54.40 53.97 54.35 53.78
Space Cooling 9.97   24.89 27.62 19.39 18.32

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 467.39   550.91 544.47 566.40 581.65
Natural Gas 528.41   682.21 632.14 685.60 735.26
Heating Oil 186.36   101.24 85.97 75.99 72.51
Other1 21.88   17.43 19.36 15.35 13.98
Wood 220.50   173.20 175.40 174.00 157.10

Activity
Total Households (thousands) 9,895.20   13,551.48 13,706.15 13,857.84 13,988.54
Floor Space (millions m2) 1,208.07   1,882.60 1,911.66 1,969.34 1,999.16
Energy Intensity (GJ/household) 143.96   112.53 106.33 109.49 111.56
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 1.18   0.81 0.76 0.77 0.78
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   100.44 32.80 92.80 135.95

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   590.78 611.49 645.63 665.70
Structure Effect 0.00   0.60 -0.17 -2.03 -3.10
Service Level Effect 0.00   77.57 78.65 79.24 82.50
Weather Effect 0.00   -9.98 -72.35 10.51 62.44
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -558.53 -584.82 -640.56 -671.59

Single Detached
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 1,023.57   1,075.68 1,025.32 1,062.78 1,089.09

Energy Use by End-Use (PJ)
Space Heating 722.74   712.96 662.11 704.16 727.90
Water Heating 145.03   190.34 188.31 187.66 190.30
Appliances 110.80   111.00 111.73 113.86 115.04
Lighting 37.40   41.66 41.38 41.79 41.38
Space Cooling 7.60   19.72 21.79 15.31 14.48

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 304.57   358.80 353.65 366.25 374.05
Natural Gas 386.85   486.89 450.40 487.34 522.67
Heating Oil 131.57   77.32 65.62 57.79 55.31
Other1 16.03   12.86 14.23 11.27 10.20
Wood 184.55   139.80 141.42 140.14 126.86

Activity
Total Households (thousands) 5,557.53   7,616.39 7,701.95 7,786.11 7,858.40
Floor Space (millions m2) 804.44   1,245.32 1,260.77 1,289.48 1,303.44
Energy Intensity (GJ/household) 184.18   141.23 133.12 136.50 138.59
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 1.27   0.86 0.81 0.82 0.84
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   52.11 1.75 39.21 65.52

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   425.11 439.84 464.46 478.68
Structure Effect 0.00   -4.40 -6.58 -11.68 -14.86
Service Level Effect 0.00   50.15 50.87 51.38 53.35
Weather Effect 0.00   -6.85 -52.85 7.78 45.74
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -411.91 -429.53 -472.72 -497.40

Single Detached - Space Heating
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 722.74   712.96 662.11 704.16 727.90

Energy Use by System Type (PJ)
Normal Efficiency Equipment 375.45   27.35 14.38 5.32 2.12
Medium Efficiency Equipment 16.19   213.08 190.18 194.96 199.36
High Efficiency Equipment 14.33   164.20 158.32 194.11 223.19
Other Equipment 316.76   308.34 299.22 309.76 303.23

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 105.39   145.95 137.62 154.09 161.70
Natural Gas 301.22   351.98 318.19 353.35 384.36
Heating Oil 119.04   67.31 56.32 50.05 48.55
Other1 13.77   11.77 12.92 10.35 9.41
Wood 183.31   135.94 137.05 136.33 123.87

Activity
Floor Space (millions m2) 804.44   1,245.32 1,260.77 1,289.48 1,303.44
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 0.90   0.57 0.53 0.55 0.56
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -9.78 -60.63 -18.58 5.16

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   320.62 331.15 351.45 362.21
Structure Effect 0.00   -4.53 -6.58 -11.50 -14.56
Service Level Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Weather Effect 0.00   -10.90 -59.52 7.71 46.62
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -314.97 -325.67 -366.23 -389.11

Single Detached - Water Heating
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 145.03   190.34 188.31 187.66 190.30

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 45.77   45.08 45.70 45.87 46.29
Natural Gas 83.24   130.30 127.63 129.33 133.47
Heating Oil 12.53   10.01 9.30 7.74 6.77
Other1 2.26   1.09 1.31 0.92 0.79
Wood 1.24   3.85 4.37 3.81 2.98

Activity
Total Households (thousands) 5,557.53   7,616.39 7,701.95 7,786.11 7,858.40
Energy Intensity (GJ/household) 26.10   24.99 24.45 24.10 24.22
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   45.31 43.28 42.62 45.27

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   51.48 53.63 55.70 57.48
Structure Effect 0.00   0.18 0.14 0.12 0.09
Service Level Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Weather Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -6.35 -10.49 -13.19 -12.30

Single Detached - Appliances
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 110.80   111.00 111.73 113.86 115.04

Energy Use by Electric Appliance (PJ)
Refrigerator 36.52   18.46 18.04 17.93 17.54
Freezer 17.39   6.91 6.84 6.93 6.89
Dishwasher 3.25   2.10 1.97 1.90 1.80
Clothes Washer 2.30   1.94 1.81 1.70 1.57
Clothes Dryers 19.49   21.76 21.85 22.31 22.39
Range 13.75   14.60 14.35 14.34 14.08
Other Appliances 15.70   40.63 42.30 44.09 45.94

Energy Use by Natural Gas Appliance (PJ)
Clothes Dryer 1.00   1.00 1.01 1.03 1.07
Range 1.39   3.61 3.56 3.63 3.77

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 108.41   106.40 107.16 109.20 110.20
Natural Gas 2.39   4.61 4.57 4.67 4.84
Heating Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Other1 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Wood 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Total Households (thousands) 5,557.53   7,616.39 7,701.95 7,786.11 7,858.40
Energy Intensity (GJ/household) 19.94   14.57 14.51 14.62 14.64
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   0.20 0.93 3.06 4.24

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   34.54 35.80 37.05 38.12
Structure Effect 0.00   0.08 0.06 0.04 0.03
Service Level Effect 0.00   39.48 39.95 40.17 41.88
Weather Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -73.90 -74.88 -74.20 -75.79

Single Detached - Lighting
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 2 37.40   41.66 41.38 41.79 41.38

Activity
Total Households (thousands) 5,557.53   7,616.39 7,701.95 7,786.11 7,858.40
Energy Intensity (GJ/household) 6.73   5.47 5.37 5.37 5.27
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   4.25 3.98 4.39 3.98

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   12.73 13.20 13.66 14.05
Structure Effect 0.00   0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02
Service Level Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Weather Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -8.51 -9.25 -9.29 -10.09

Single Detached - Space Cooling
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 2 7.60   19.72 21.79 15.31 14.48

Energy Use by AC Type (PJ)
Room 1.74   1.85 2.14 1.52 1.51
Central 5.86   17.87 19.65 13.78 12.97

Activity
Floor Space (millions m2) 804.44   1,245.32 1,260.77 1,289.48 1,303.44
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 0.01   0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   12.12 14.19 7.71 6.88

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   5.74 6.06 6.60 6.83
Structure Effect 0.00   -0.17 -0.23 -0.36 -0.43
Service Level Effect 0.00   10.67 10.93 11.20 11.47
Weather Effect 0.00   4.05 6.67 0.07 -0.88
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -8.17 -9.24 -9.81 -10.11

Single Attached
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 117.59   144.15 137.91 146.17 152.32

Energy Use by End-Use (PJ)
Space Heating 72.13   83.73 77.29 85.76 91.08
Water Heating 22.86   33.38 32.96 33.20 33.96
Appliances 16.37   19.14 19.37 19.84 20.17
Lighting 4.58   5.27 5.24 5.26 5.19
Space Cooling 1.65   2.63 3.04 2.11 1.92

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 42.06   52.90 52.85 55.05 56.64
Natural Gas 48.50   72.03 66.49 73.54 79.66
Heating Oil 14.24   7.23 6.13 5.61 5.37
Other1 1.74   1.82 2.06 1.60 1.49
Wood 11.05   10.18 10.39 10.37 9.17

Activity
Total Households (thousands) 922.06   1,473.44 1,497.78 1,521.32 1,541.39
Floor Space (millions m2) 112.27   203.56 208.66 218.72 224.56
Energy Intensity (GJ/household) 127.53   97.83 92.07 96.08 98.82
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 1.05   0.71 0.66 0.67 0.68
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   26.56 20.32 28.58 34.73

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   52.05 53.98 57.11 59.02
Structure Effect 0.00   20.14 21.22 22.94 24.19
Service Level Effect 0.00   6.56 6.63 6.64 6.92
Weather Effect 0.00   -0.62 -5.95 1.15 5.82
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -51.57 -55.56 -59.27 -61.22

Single Attached - Space Heating
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 72.13   83.73 77.29 85.76 91.08

Energy Use by System Type (PJ)
Normal Efficiency Equipment 43.58   5.36 3.42 2.47 1.47
Medium Efficiency Equipment 1.62   24.67 21.76 23.08 24.02
High Efficiency Equipment 2.00   23.24 22.16 28.20 33.34
Other Equipment 24.93   30.45 29.95 32.01 32.24

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 13.18   19.85 19.07 21.66 23.11
Natural Gas 33.82   46.83 41.87 48.37 53.52
Heating Oil 12.80   5.91 4.90 4.57 4.45
Other1 1.42   1.62 1.81 1.44 1.34
Wood 10.91   9.52 9.64 9.72 8.66

Activity
Floor Space (millions m2) 112.27   203.56 208.66 218.72 224.56
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 0.64   0.41 0.37 0.39 0.41
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   11.60 5.16 13.63 18.95

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   34.86 36.09 38.51 39.84
Structure Effect 0.00   11.94 12.70 14.11 15.11
Service Level Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Weather Effect 0.00   -1.51 -7.21 0.81 5.62
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -33.69 -36.42 -39.81 -41.62

Single Attached - Water Heating
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 22.86   33.38 32.96 33.20 33.96

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 6.72   6.95 7.06 7.13 7.25
Natural Gas 14.23   24.26 23.69 24.21 25.15
Heating Oil 1.44   1.32 1.22 1.04 0.92
Other1 0.32   0.20 0.25 0.17 0.15
Wood 0.14   0.65 0.74 0.65 0.50

Activity
Total Households (thousands) 922.06   1,473.44 1,497.78 1,521.32 1,541.39
Energy Intensity (GJ/household) 24.79   22.65 22.01 21.82 22.03
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   10.52 10.11 10.34 11.10

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   8.80 9.18 9.54 9.86
Structure Effect 0.00   4.28 4.44 4.60 4.72
Service Level Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Weather Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -2.56 -3.52 -3.80 -3.47

Single Attached - Appliances
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 16.37   19.14 19.37 19.84 20.17

Energy Use by Electric Appliance (PJ)
Refrigerator 5.16   2.81 2.76 2.75 2.70
Freezer 1.95   0.80 0.79 0.80 0.80
Dishwasher 0.43   0.30 0.29 0.28 0.26
Clothes Washer 0.37   0.34 0.32 0.30 0.28
Clothes Dryers 3.09   3.79 3.82 3.91 3.94
Range 2.30   2.66 2.63 2.64 2.60
Other Appliances 2.63   7.49 7.84 8.20 8.59

Energy Use by Natural Gas Appliance (PJ)
Clothes Dryer 0.18   0.16 0.16 0.16 0.17
Range 0.26   0.78 0.77 0.79 0.83

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 15.92   18.19 18.44 18.88 19.17
Natural Gas 0.45   0.95 0.93 0.96 1.00
Heating Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Other1 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Wood 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Total Households (thousands) 922.06   1,473.44 1,497.78 1,521.32 1,541.39
Energy Intensity (GJ/household) 17.76   12.99 12.94 13.04 13.08
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   2.77 3.00 3.47 3.80

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   5.59 5.81 6.03 6.22
Structure Effect 0.00   2.72 2.82 2.91 2.98
Service Level Effect 0.00   6.57 6.65 6.69 6.98
Weather Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -12.12 -12.27 -12.16 -12.38

Single Attached - Lighting
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 2 4.58   5.27 5.24 5.26 5.19

Activity
Total Households (thousands) 922.06   1,473.44 1,497.78 1,521.32 1,541.39
Energy Intensity (GJ/household) 4.97   3.58 3.50 3.46 3.37
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   0.69 0.66 0.68 0.61

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   1.65 1.71 1.77 1.82
Structure Effect 0.00   0.80 0.83 0.85 0.87
Service Level Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Weather Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -1.77 -1.89 -1.95 -2.09

Single Attached - Space Cooling
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 2 1.65   2.63 3.04 2.11 1.92

Energy Use by AC Type (PJ)
Room 0.43   0.72 0.84 0.59 0.57
Central 1.21   1.91 2.20 1.52 1.35

Activity
Floor Space (millions m2) 112.27   203.56 208.66 218.72 224.56
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 0.01   0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   0.99 1.39 0.46 0.28

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Use due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   1.14 1.18 1.26 1.29
Structure Effect 0.00   0.41 0.43 0.48 0.50
Service Level Effect 0.00   -0.01 -0.01 -0.05 -0.06
Weather Effect 0.00   0.89 1.25 0.34 0.21
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -1.44 -1.46 -1.56 -1.65

Footnotes:

1) “Other” includes coal and propane.
2) Consumes only electricity.