Commercial/Institutional Sector - GHG Emissions
  1990   2012 2013 2014
All Types of Activities
 
Total GHG Emissions Excluding Electricity (Mt) 25.84   27.79 28.95 30.95
Total GHG Emissions Including Electricity (Mt) 40.96   43.16 43.29 46.58

GHG Emissions by Activity Type (Mt)
Wholesale Trade 2.90   2.50 2.47 2.65
Retail Trade 6.70   7.12 7.05 7.62
Transportation and Warehousing 2.47   1.71 1.69 1.80
Information and Cultural Industries 0.79   0.93 0.92 1.00
Offices1 12.88   15.13 15.52 16.57
Educational Services 5.28   5.52 5.52 6.02
Educational Services 4.60   4.83 4.76 5.14
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 0.92   1.10 1.08 1.17
Accommodation and Food Services 3.01   3.30 3.26 3.53
Other Services 0.92   0.72 0.71 0.76

GHG Emissions by End Use (Mt)
Space Heating 24.40   24.71 25.69 27.87
Water Heating 3.17   3.91 3.69 3.80
Auxiliary Equipment 3.06   5.22 5.45 6.02
Auxiliary Motors 3.40   2.39 2.41 2.46
Lighting 4.73   4.31 4.17 4.52
Space Cooling 1.70   2.32 1.57 1.61
Street Lighting 0.50   0.30 0.30 0.32

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 15.12   15.37 14.33 15.63
NG 19.58   22.89 24.41 26.24
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 4.41   1.29 2.00 2.31
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.86   0.90 0.27 0.31
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.99   2.71 2.28 2.10
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.94   46.63 46.80 47.39
GHG Intensity Excluding Electricity (tonne/TJ) 36.64   34.36 34.94 34.60

Wholesale Trade
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 2.90   2.50 2.47 2.65

GHG Emissions by End Use (Mt)
Space Heating 1.74   1.42 1.46 1.58
Water Heating 0.23   0.23 0.21 0.22
Auxiliary Equipment 0.23   0.32 0.33 0.37
Auxiliary Motors 0.25   0.14 0.14 0.14
Lighting 0.34   0.25 0.24 0.26
Space Cooling 0.12   0.13 0.09 0.09

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 1.06   0.91 0.82 0.89
NG 1.47   1.34 1.43 1.54
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.25   0.04 0.07 0.08
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.05   0.06 0.01 0.02
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.07   0.16 0.13 0.12
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.44   46.36 46.52 47.12

Wholesale Trade - Space Heating
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 1.74   1.42 1.46 1.58

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.13   0.09 0.05 0.07
NG 1.30   1.14 1.24 1.34
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.21   0.03 0.05 0.06
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.04   0.05 0.01 0.02
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.05   0.11 0.10 0.09
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 53.54   50.18 50.08 49.87

Wholesale Trade - Water Heating
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.23   0.23 0.21 0.22

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.01   0.01 0.01 0.01
NG 0.16   0.18 0.18 0.18
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.04   0.01 0.02 0.02
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.01   0.01 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.01   0.02 0.01 0.01
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.19   51.01 50.42 50.41

Wholesale Trade - Auxiliary Equipment
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.23   0.32 0.33 0.37

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.22   0.29 0.30 0.33
NG 0.00   0.01 0.01 0.01
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.01   0.02 0.02 0.02
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.34   40.93 41.08 42.67

Wholesale Trade - Auxiliary Motors
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.25   0.14 0.14 0.14

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.25   0.14 0.14 0.14
NG 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.29   39.68 39.90 41.62

Wholesale Trade - Lighting
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.34   0.25 0.24 0.26

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.34   0.25 0.24 0.26
NG 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.29   39.68 39.90 41.62

Wholesale Trade - Space Cooling
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.12   0.13 0.09 0.09

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.11   0.12 0.08 0.08
NG 0.00   0.01 0.01 0.01
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.08   40.22 40.39 42.01

Retail Trade
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 6.70   7.12 7.05 7.62

GHG Emissions by End Use (Mt)
Space Heating 4.00   4.06 4.18 4.57
Water Heating 0.52   0.65 0.60 0.62
Auxiliary Equipment 0.54   0.90 0.93 1.03
Auxiliary Motors 0.57   0.39 0.39 0.40
Lighting 0.78   0.72 0.68 0.74
Space Cooling 0.28   0.40 0.26 0.26

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 2.46   2.56 2.33 2.55
NG 3.38   3.81 4.07 4.39
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.58   0.12 0.22 0.27
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.11   0.17 0.04 0.07
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.16   0.45 0.38 0.34
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.48   46.43 46.61 47.24

Retail Trade - Space Heating
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 4.00   4.06 4.18 4.57

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.30   0.25 0.15 0.20
NG 2.99   3.25 3.52 3.83
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.50   0.10 0.17 0.21
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.10   0.14 0.04 0.06
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.11   0.33 0.30 0.26
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 53.58   50.28 50.20 50.06

Retail Trade - Water Heating
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.52   0.65 0.60 0.62

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.03   0.03 0.02 0.03
NG 0.37   0.50 0.50 0.51
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.08   0.03 0.05 0.06
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.02   0.03 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.02   0.07 0.03 0.02
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.23   51.08 50.50 50.49

Retail Trade - Auxiliary Equipment
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.54   0.90 0.93 1.03

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.50   0.81 0.84 0.93
NG 0.01   0.03 0.03 0.03
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.02   0.06 0.06 0.06
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.34   40.91 41.06 42.64

Retail Trade - Auxiliary Motors
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.57   0.39 0.39 0.40

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.57   0.39 0.39 0.40
NG 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.29   39.68 39.90 41.62

Retail Trade - Lighting
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.78   0.72 0.68 0.74

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.78   0.72 0.68 0.74
NG 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.29   39.68 39.90 41.62

Retail Trade - Space Cooling
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.28   0.40 0.26 0.26

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.28   0.36 0.24 0.25
NG 0.01   0.03 0.02 0.02
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.08   40.35 40.43 42.07

Transportation and Warehousing
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 2.47   1.71 1.69 1.80

GHG Emissions by End Use (Mt)
Space Heating 1.69   1.15 1.17 1.26
Water Heating 0.09   0.08 0.07 0.08
Auxiliary Equipment 0.06   0.08 0.09 0.10
Auxiliary Motors 0.24   0.12 0.11 0.11
Lighting 0.32   0.21 0.20 0.21
Space Cooling 0.08   0.07 0.05 0.05

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.83   0.54 0.48 0.52
NG 1.26   0.98 1.04 1.11
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.27   0.03 0.06 0.08
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.05   0.05 0.01 0.02
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.05   0.11 0.09 0.08
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.76   47.02 47.13 47.73

Transportation and Warehousing - Space Heating
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 1.69   1.15 1.17 1.26

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.13   0.07 0.04 0.05
NG 1.20   0.92 0.98 1.05
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.25   0.03 0.05 0.06
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.05   0.05 0.01 0.02
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.05   0.10 0.09 0.07
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.09   50.44 50.17 50.13

Transportation and Warehousing - Water Heating
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.09   0.08 0.07 0.08

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
NG 0.06   0.06 0.05 0.05
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.02   0.01 0.01 0.01
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.01 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.02   51.40 51.68 51.83

Transportation and Warehousing - Auxiliary Equipment
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.06   0.08 0.09 0.10

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.06   0.08 0.08 0.09
NG 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.33   40.64 40.82 42.43

Transportation and Warehousing - Auxiliary Motors
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.24   0.12 0.11 0.11

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.24   0.12 0.11 0.11
NG 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.29   39.68 39.90 41.62

Transportation and Warehousing - Lighting
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.32   0.21 0.20 0.21

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.32   0.21 0.20 0.21
NG 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.29   39.68 39.90 41.62

Transportation and Warehousing - Space Cooling
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.08   0.07 0.05 0.05

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.08   0.07 0.05 0.05
NG 0.00   0.01 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.08   40.37 40.44 42.07

Information and Cultural Industries
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.79   0.93 0.92 1.00

GHG Emissions by End Use (Mt)
Space Heating 0.47   0.52 0.54 0.60
Water Heating 0.06   0.08 0.08 0.08
Auxiliary Equipment 0.06   0.12 0.12 0.14
Auxiliary Motors 0.06   0.05 0.05 0.05
Lighting 0.09   0.09 0.09 0.10
Space Cooling 0.04   0.06 0.04 0.04

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.29   0.34 0.31 0.33
NG 0.36   0.49 0.52 0.56
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.10   0.03 0.04 0.05
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.02   0.01 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.02   0.06 0.05 0.05
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 55.46   46.29 46.72 47.33

Information and Cultural Industries - Space Heating
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.47   0.52 0.54 0.60

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.03   0.03 0.02 0.03
NG 0.32   0.42 0.45 0.50
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.09   0.02 0.03 0.03
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.02   0.01 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.01   0.05 0.04 0.04
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.97   50.13 50.38 50.06

Information and Cultural Industries - Water Heating
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.06   0.08 0.08 0.08

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
NG 0.04   0.06 0.06 0.06
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.01   0.01 0.01 0.02
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.01 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 55.93   51.59 51.64 52.16

Information and Cultural Industries - Auxiliary Equipment
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.06   0.12 0.12 0.14

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.06   0.11 0.11 0.13
NG 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.01 0.01 0.01
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.32   40.69 40.86 42.46

Information and Cultural Industries - Auxiliary Motors
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.06   0.05 0.05 0.05

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.06   0.05 0.05 0.05
NG 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.29   39.68 39.90 41.62

Information and Cultural Industries - Lighting
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.09   0.09 0.09 0.10

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.09   0.09 0.09 0.10
NG 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.29   39.68 39.90 41.62

Information and Cultural Industries - Space Cooling
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.04   0.06 0.04 0.04

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.04   0.05 0.03 0.03
NG 0.00   0.01 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.08   40.45 40.48 42.12

Offices1
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 12.88   15.13 15.52 16.57

GHG Emissions by End Use (Mt)
Space Heating 7.73   8.78 9.32 9.97
Water Heating 1.00   1.31 1.26 1.29
Auxiliary Equipment 1.03   1.86 1.99 2.17
Auxiliary Motors 1.07   0.82 0.86 0.90
Lighting 1.50   1.52 1.51 1.64
Space Cooling 0.56   0.84 0.59 0.61

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 4.69   5.28 5.17 5.64
NG 6.22   8.19 8.72 9.32
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 1.38   0.59 0.86 0.93
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.27   0.29 0.12 0.09
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.31   0.79 0.65 0.60
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.92   46.67 46.77 47.25

Offices1 - Space Heating
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 7.73   8.78 9.32 9.97

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.57   0.44 0.39 0.49
NG 5.50   7.05 7.62 8.22
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 1.20   0.52 0.72 0.75
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.24   0.24 0.11 0.08
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.22   0.53 0.48 0.43
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.22   50.65 50.43 50.07

Offices1 - Water Heating
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 1.00   1.31 1.26 1.29

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.05   0.05 0.07 0.09
NG 0.68   1.01 0.99 0.98
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.19   0.07 0.14 0.17
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.04   0.05 0.01 0.01
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.04   0.13 0.05 0.04
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 54.93   51.26 50.74 50.84

Offices1 - Auxiliary Equipment
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 1.03   1.86 1.99 2.17

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.96   1.68 1.80 1.97
NG 0.02   0.06 0.07 0.08
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.05   0.12 0.12 0.13
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.34   40.88 41.04 42.63

Offices1 - Auxiliary Motors
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 1.07   0.82 0.86 0.90

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 1.07   0.82 0.86 0.90
NG 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.29   39.68 39.90 41.62

Offices1 - Lighting
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 1.50   1.52 1.51 1.64

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 1.50   1.52 1.51 1.64
NG 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.29   39.68 39.90 41.62

Offices1 - Space Cooling
 
Total GHG Emissions (Mt) 0.56   0.84 0.59 0.61

GHG Emissions by Energy Source (Mt)
Electricity 0.54   0.77 0.55 0.57
NG 0.02   0.07 0.04 0.04
Light Fuel Oil and KeroseneKer 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Steam 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Other2 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.08   40.36 40.45 42.08

Footnotes:

1) "Offices" includes activities related to finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional; scientific and technical services; and public administration.
2) "Other" includes coal and propane.