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Office of Energy Efficiency


Improving Energy Performance in Canada – Report to Parliament Under the Energy Efficiency Act For the Fiscal Year 2008-2009

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Table of Contents

Minister's Foreword

Executive Summary


Natural Resources Canada's Efficiency and Alternative Energy Programs

Policy Instruments

Financial Incentives
Voluntary Initiatives
Research, Development and Demonstration

Measuring Progress

Data Collection and Analysis

GHG Emissions and Climate Change

In This Report

Chapter 1: Trends in Energy Use


Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Energy Intensity and Energy Efficiency

Trends in Energy Efficiency

Trends in Renewable Energy

Trends in Residential Sector

Trends in Commercial/Institutional Sector

Trends in Industrial Sector

Trends in Transportation

Trends in Alternative and Renewable Fuels

Chapter 2: Equipment, Standards and Labelling



Compliance and Enforcement

Regulatory Impact to Date From the Regulatory Impact Analysis Statement

Labelling and Promotion

ecoENERGY for Equipment

Chapter 3: Energy Efficiency and Alternative Transportation Fuels

ecoENERGY Retrofit

ecoENERGY Retrofit – Homes

ecoENERGY Retrofit – Small and Medium Organizations

ecoENERGY for Buildings and Houses

ecoENERGY for Industry

ecoENERGY for Personal Vehicles

ecoENERGY for Fleets

ecoENERGY for Biofuels

Federal Buildings Initiative

National Renewable Diesel Demonstration

Chapter 4: Energy Science and Technology


Program of Energy Research and Development

ecoENERGY Technology Initiative

Clean Energy Systems for Buildings and Communities

Clean Electric Power Generation

Clean Energy Systems for Industry

Environmentally Sustainable Oil and Gas

Clean Transportation Energy

Sustainable Bioenegy

Canadian Biomass Innovation Network

Chapter 5: Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy Use



Earth Energy

Wind Energy

Solar Energy

Ocean Renewable Energy

ecoENERGY for Renewable Power

ecoENERGY for Renewable Heat

Chapter 6: Co-operation


Green Municipal Fund

Assistant Deputy Minister Steering Committee on Energy Efficiency

National Advisory Council on Energy Efficiency

Federal-Provincial and Federal-Territorial Co-operation

Use of Federal EAE Program Tools by Utilities, Provinces and Territories
The Building Energy Codes Collaborative
Co-operation Agreements
Sustainable Development Technology Canada – NextGen Biofuels FundTM

International Co-operation

International Energy Agency
Group of Eight
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Asia Pacific Partnership
United Nations
United States
North America

Appendix 1: NRCan’s Efficiency and Alternative Energy Initiatives and Expenditures, 2008–2009

Appendix 2: Data Presented in the Report



Figure Int-1:
Moving the Market

Figure 1-1:
Secondary Energy Use by Sector, 2006

Figure 1-2:
GHG Emissions From Secondary Energy Use by Sector, 2006

Figure 1-3:
Energy Intensity and the Energy Efficiency Effect, 1990 to 2006

Figure 1-4:
Secondary Energy Use, Actual and Without Energy Efficiency Improvements, 1990 to 2006

Figure 1-5:
Canadian Households by Type of Dwelling, 2006

Figure 1-6:
Residential Energy Use by End-Use, 2006

Figure 1-7:
Number of Households, Average Floor Space by Household and Energy Intensity Indexes, 1990 to 2006

Figure 1-8:
Residential Energy Use, Actual and Without Energy Efficiency Improvements, 1990 to 2006

Figure 1-9:
Annual Heating Consumption for Houses Constructed to Different Standards

Figure 1-10:
Average Energy Consumption of New Electric Appliances, 1990 and 2006 Models

Figure 1-11:
Commercial/Institutional Energy Use by Activity Type, 2006

Figure 1-12:
Commercial/Institutional Energy Use by Purpose, 2006

Figure 1-13:
Commercial/Institutional Energy Use, Actual and Without Energy Efficiency Improvements, 1990 to 2006

Figure 1-14:
Industrial Energy Use by Subsector – Including Electricity-Related Emissions, 2006

Figure 1-15:
Cost of Energy to Manufacturing Industries as a Percentage of Total Production Cost, 2006

Figure 1-16:
Industrial Energy Use, Actual and Without Energy Efficiency Improvements, 1990 to 2006

Figure 1-17:
Transportation Energy Use by Mode, 2006

Figure 1-18:
Market Shares of New Passenger Car and Light Truck Sales, 1990 to 2006

Figure 1-19:
Transportation Energy Use, Actual and Without Energy Efficiency Improvements, 1990 to 2006

Figure 1-20:
Average Activity per Truck, 1990 to 2006

Figure 1-21:
Trucking Energy Intensity, 1990 to 2006

Figure 1-22:
Shares of On-Road Transportation Fuel, 2006

Figure 2-1:
Volume of Monthly Import Documents

Figure 2-2:
EnerGuide Label

Figure 2-3:

Figure 2-4:
ENERGY STAR Qualified Appliances as a Percentage of Total Category Shipments in Canada, 1999 to 2007

Figure 2-5:
ENERGY STAR Awareness Levels in Canada, 2007

Figure 3-1:
Residential Energy Use and Energy Savings per Household, Pre-1945 to 2000–2009

Figure 3-2:
Number of Eligible R-2000 Housing Certifications, 1990 to 2008

Figure 3-3:
CIPEC Energy Intensity Index, 1990 to 2006

Figure 3-4:
Industrial Dollars to $ense Participants, Pre-2000 to 2008

Figure 3-5:
New Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Labelling

Figure 3-6:
Company Average Fuel Consumption (CAFC) Versus Canadian Voluntary Standards, 1990 to 2007

Figure 4-1:
RETScreen Software: Cumulative Growth of User Base

Figure 5-1:
Canadian Wind Power Capacity, 1993 to 2008


Table 1-1:
Explanation of Changes in Secondary Energy Use, 1990 to 2006

Table 2-1:
Estimated Impact of Energy Efficiency Regulations 2010 and 2020 (aggregate annual savings)

Table 5-1:
Electricity Generation Capacity From Renewable Sources (includes hydroelectricity)

Table 5-2:
Renewable Energy Technologies Used in Canada

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